The Internet of Things has revolutionalized the way we acquire data and store it. Storing and processing data from the physical things and even the human body has never been so easy as it has been made through the innovations in the IoT. Physical objects are connected to a database that stores the smart data captured through different sensors on the IoT-based smart devices.
Though the years, we can see the shift of IoT from information-based technology to an operational-based technology. IoT combines sensors, smart devices and a smart grid of interfaces to provide smart solutions.
What is Cloud Computing?
The evolution of different computing paradigms like parallel computing, grid computing, and disseminated computing into a singular advanced computing framework gave way for cloud computing to rise. Cloud computing provides three basic models for users:
IaaS- Infrastructure as a Service-
for network architect who needs infrastructure capabilities.
PaaS-Platform as Service-
for developers who need platforms to develop their applications.
SaaS-Software as a Service-
for end-users who need to use the software for their daily activities.
Cloud computing has been pioneering the data processing over a serverless service provided through a cloud server. Data is stored, managed and processed over cloud network through intelligent machines using Artificial Intelligence and machine learning.
What is Cloud-MANET?
Cloud-MANET framework is a smart communication between smart devices without any centralized infrastructure. This framework suits best for the M2M network or machine to machine network as there are several devices nearby. Users can use smart devices to exchange videos, images, text, and audio with the cloud servers and minimizing the information.
MANET-Mobile ad hoc networks are a very popular network from which users can get connected anywhere and anytime. The amalgamation of Cloud and MANET provides access to the cloud in the MANET network for smart devices. In real-life scenarios, we can see users that want to use the MANET network gathering at a single place to access the network. For this group to access the cloud server, one of the users must be connected to the internet.
Step By Step Usage of Cloud-MANET Framework:
Step 01: Form a mobile ad hoc network.
Step 02: Access the ad hoc network in the range.
Step 03: Register your smart devices in MANET.
Step 04: Register the MANET devices in the cloud.
Step 05: Implement the IoT-based Cloud-MANET model to all the smart devices and start communicating.
Cloud-MANET in IoT :
The existing cellular networks do not allow all smart devices to connect without a centralized infrastructure. This approach is quite useful in increasing the capabilities of smart devices. The ad hoc network can connect all the smart devices in a decentralized framework.
The smart devices are in a three dimensional plane on the X-axis, Y-axis, and Z-axis. The whole area is spread over the wireless network divided into several cells. They are around each cell and are fixed and the smart devices in each cell can move within this range.
The smart devices discover another smart device nearby in binary digits within the same cell area. If there is a two-dimensional plane the smart device’s detection is carried out through the Hidden Markov Model(HMM). This model is connected in the working area and the devices move inside the area and this model will help find the devices nearby.
A transition matrix is formed in the area of the wireless network, where all the smart devices are found and placed into the transition matrix.
Placing the smart devices in the range of MANET:
The smart devices are placed into the MANET networks to consider connection and coverage. At the beginning of the process, MANET is in a dynamic state or say inactive state as soon as the device starts to make a communication effort with another smart device, MANET gets activated. Any steady-state device can communicate and change the dynamic state of MANET.
Implementation of MANET:
The smart device users will use cloud service to discover the smart devices, minimize useful information like images, videos or messages in big data and can process them. A new framework as this can be used by enterprises to enhance the capability of MANET and cloud computing on the internet of smart devices.
Image Source: Routing in Mobile Adhoc Networks
The smart devices based on IoT technologies are electronic and connected to other devices or networks through network protocols such as smartphones, tablets, smartwatch, etc. The cloud computing helps in sharing resources, storage, and services using mobile applications for a large amount of smart data.
This framework is solely focused on secure communication among smart devices in the area of Cloud-MANET. This smart algorithm is run as a mobile application and tested in the cloud-MANET of smart devices for several protocols. The results can be implemented in the framework of the internet of things in 5G heterogeneous networks over the cloud service.
Salient features of the framework:
- It uses a decentralized infrastructure for smart device communication.
- Easily integrated into the wireless network area.
- Compatible with the heterogeneous network 5G.
- Cloud-MANET framework provides secure and reliable communication
- The smart devices are considered as nodes.
- Smart device detection and communication can be carried out in 3D and 2D planes.
- MANET networks work in a dynamic state for communications.
As the 5G networks are getting popular among the users and 2020 could be the year for 5G. While the establishment of communication between the smart devices in a heterogeneous structure of the 5G network can be challenging, the Cloud-MANET framework presents the solution that developers have been looking upon.
A decentralized infrastructure with cloud capabilities can certainly change the IoT paradigm for better communication and data exchange among smart devices.