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Internet of Things (IoT) is becoming one of the most popular technology aspects that get implemented practically. As IoT promises to provide excellent services and delivers support for powering the interconnected devices and automate the systems without any human intervention, the use of IoT is promoted and encouraged among businesses and individuals alike.

And this has given rise to the enormous growth of the IoT industry that leads many companies to start providing services in the same sector. The IoT industry is estimated to grow around 1.6 trillion U.S. Dollars by 2025. The continued progress of this technology leads to increased development and asks for excellent support. And developers can benefit the most from it.

 

IoT Development: Challenges and Solutions

The resources required for developing IoT-enabled devices are accessible to reputable firms and popular companies who hold the power to invest time and money equally. However, there still are frameworks that help in developing excellent IoT-enabled solutions without costing much.

IoT development with excellent resources still has to answer challenges and issues that any normal development faces. Lack of enough skills, security and privacy concerns, device compatibility, and more are the challenges that IoT development usually suffers from. 

However, using the excellent support that multiple IoT frameworks deliver, it becomes easier to overcome these hurdles and produce the best results. While you can always rely on delivering exceptional results, the use of multiple frameworks provides excellent services that developers are looking forward to.

 

4 Excellent Open Source IoT Frameworks Every Developer Can Use

Here are the best open-source IoT frameworks that can be used to deliver excellent IoT-enabled solutions that encourage extended use of the IoT networks.

 

1. ThingSpeak

ThingSpeak allows for IoT analytics with its cloud supportive features that make it easier for you to analyze the live data. It supports MATLAB code that a developer can write and perform actions on the live data streams. It includes different functions like data visualization, preprocessing, analysis, and more. 

The functions included in ThingSpeak are:

  • Location Tracing
  • Information distribution through public channels and gathering through a private channel
  • Includes cloud support
  • Online analytics of data to identify patterns and relations
  • device executions supported through command schedule
  • Social sharing support through Twilio and Twitter
  • Alerts for every reaction

It allows one to prototype an IoT system in advance before they start the development. The analytics and data generated through ThingSpeak are incredibly reliable as the tool enables performing the best operations and delivers excellent results to make your IoT system full proof. The tool is open-source, and the latest update R2019b has been released in January 2020.

 

2. DeviceHive

DeviceHive is one of the popular and out-of-the-box tools most developers are searching for. The tool is open source, and hence there are many contributors ready to guide you through the usage of it. The prices are decided based on the customer requirements, but the performance of this tool is enough to explain its wide popularity.

DeviceHive includes functions that encourage excellent solution development. The functions and features offered by DeviceHive are:

  • It supports WebSocket APIs, REST APIs,and adds MQTT API as a plugin.
  • Allows testing the installation- using Swagger, and API developer tool.
  • Includes support for multiple client libraries- Node.js, Python, Java are the primary ones supported through DeviceHive.
  • Supports Android, iOS devices and other libraries
  • JSON messages are used for efficient communication among devices.
  • Includes support for Docker and Kubernetes installation and deployment.

DeviceHive is ultimately an open-source micro-services architecture encouraging platform that allows to control and test IoT systems under different circumstances. DeviceHive can be customized as per the business needs, and charges are calculated as per the requirements. Moreover, it includes support for public, private, and hybrid clouds and makes the management easier than ever.

 

3. Thinger.io

Thinger.io allows for connecting and prototyping the tools that are added in the IoT system a developer is developing. The tool provides excellent support to every software development company that aims to create an IoT system by connecting multiple devices altogether.

The features included in Thinger.io are:

  • Support integration of multiple devices of various manufacturers.
  • A freemium account for a lifetime that allows free access for prototyping, which later can be put in use by using premium servers.
  • Most of the code modules are available in Github for free with MIT license. Therefore, it becomes easier to start from the basics.
  • Easier programming, as only a few lines of code, is required to connect devices in the network and form an IoT system.
  • The platform is entirely white-labeled. Hence, it can be updated according to your requirements; colors, fonts, names, and more.
  • Includes cloud support.
  • Allows real-time data retrieval and analytics to perform better operations according to the needs.

Thinger.io is an excellent tool that provides support for your every IoT need. The platform helps scale and manage the products of the IoT system and prototypes everything to allow efficient management and conclude the right way to perform the programming. It will enable multiple plugin inclusion that builds an extensive system supporting every need and creating a great impression over the users.

 

4. Zetta

Zetta is an open-source API-dedicated framework that is first of its kind and delivers excellent support for building IoT infrastructures. It helps manage the continuous streaming of data to provide excellent information exchange services. It includes a data visualization facility, but the primary advantage of using Zetta is its support for reactive programming.

There are multiple features integrated into this platform to support excellent data exchange:

  • It comes for free
  • Easy deployment among numerous cloud vendors
  • It can display notifications and can fire queries
  • The data collected can be shared among other analytics platforms easily
  • Based on Node.js and hence, is easier to operate

Zetta is an IoT dashboard that is not very popular for development practices among the developers. However, the followers and users of Zetta are extremely satisfied with the performance of this tool. As it produces the best results for the IoT universe and its applications, Zetta is one of the favorites of developers who have already used it once.

 

Conclusion

There are many open-source frameworks available in the market apart from the discussed. However, based on the choices of expert developers, these tools are great at providing excellent results without demanding higher amounts. The primary benefit of using open-source tools is that there are contributors who support and promote the use of them by introducing changes and solutions to problems.

However, data security concerns remain questionable when using these tools. But the performance delivered through these tools is excellent. Based on the requirements and deadlines assigned, these tools provide excellent support and encourage the profound development of solutions that promote the use of IoT in everyday life.

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The dynamic shift towards a digital and intelligent world has led to the emergence of various new and high-tech technologies. Among these innovations IoT stands above the rest, evolving at a remarkable rate, and providing benefits that were never seen before.

The hype of this technology is so immense that even cost-intensive and conventionally operating industries like oil & gas and manufacturing have started adopting it. It wasn’t just the hype that made IoT prevalent all around the industrial spectrum. Its benefits in the fields of remote monitoring and telematics were the main factors that helped it to become a recognized disruptive technology that connects the entire world.

Even though the Internet of Things has not reached its full potential yet, its benefits, especially for industries, cannot be underrated. One such industry that has benefited the most from the implementation of IoT is the industry of logistics.

Logistics companies play a crucial role in facilitating the transportation of goods from one location to another. IoT technology helps these companies to streamline their business processes and enhance visibility in the end-to-end delivery of products.

IoT in Logistics:

IoT devices are expected to reach a benchmark of 50 billion devices by the end of this year and the logistics industry will own the majority of them.

In 2016, the largest chunk of the entire global market presence of IoT was garnered by the segment of transportation and logistics. The global connected logistics market is again expected to grow by a CAGR of 30% until 2020.

Clearly, logistics is among the biggest playfields for the cutting-edge technology of Internet of Things. Companies in this vertical are leveraging the benefits of this technology to optimize their process execution practices and improve their overall efficiency of delivering the shipment.

IoT mainly revamps the two major verticals of a logistics industry namely warehousing and delivery. Both these segments take care of the goods while they are stored or delivered respectively. Let us explore the benefits of IoT in both these segments.

Benefits of IoT in warehousing:

1) Advanced Security and Safety Systems:

Keeping assets secure from theft is an essential aspect of any warehouse management system. IoT creates a secure environment via its advanced surveillance system that allows warehouses to keep their goods and articles secure from robbery.

Along with HD cameras and proximity sensors, IoT creates a complete surveillance system that allows warehouses to quickly detect theft. The handlers of warehouses can also gain alerts about theft in the form of a video from remote locations, which gives them ample amount of time to take necessary actions and contact the concerned authorities.

Furthermore, IoT also allow a logistic business to ensure the safety of their valuable workers and employees by reducing the possibilities of accidents. By monitoring the condition and performance of their heavy equipment and machines, companies can predict possible failures that can result in catastrophic situations.

2) Improved Quality and Performance:

IoT creates a connected infrastructure in the warehouses through RFIDs and sensors. These devices help a company to monitor parameters like temperature and humidity that can deteriorate the quality of the goods being stored in the warehouse. The connected ecosystem allows a warehouse to create a suitable environment for goods, whose quality depends on the environmental conditions.

Moreover, this ecosystem also helps logistics to boost their overall efficiency and improve the execution of different processes. Warehouses have clear visibility into their inventory levels that help them to manage their buffer stocks. Furthermore, the RFID tags help handlers quickly identify the location where the items are stored and get them prepared to be shipped at a moment's notice. Hence, all the tasks in the warehousing are optimized which results in boosted performance.

Benefits of IoT in Delivery:

1) Vehicle Tracking:

Delivering products to their destination is the primary purpose of any logistics company. Fleet vehicles like trucks are hence their most important assets. By using IoT capabilities, logistics companies can track their vehicles from remote locations and ensure timely cargo delivery.

This vehicle tracking makes use of GPS location tracking to identify the location of trucks while they are traveling. Logistic companies can remotely monitor:

  • driving habits of drivers,
  • weight of the truck,
  • preferable trailer conditions in which cargo is being delivered,
  • truck condition and performance.

By measuring and analyzing these parameters, logistics companies can make sure that the goods are being delivered safely. Moreover, these companies can use the data to reduce fuel costs, conduct on-board diagnostics, and ensure timely shipment delivery.

2) Predictive Analysis:

As we discussed above, IoT allows logistics companies to analyze data and develop useful insights. By using predictive analytics features, companies can get notified about probable component breakdowns or engine failure of a truck that can affect the delivery of items on time.

The data related to the route taken by the trucks, their speed, and road conditions can also be processed to determine the best routes for the fleet. Additionally, this feature of IoT can also be used to detect inefficiencies in the trucks and detect unexpected malfunctions that can delay the delivery of products.

CONCLUSION:

Logistic companies are now leveraging the technology of Internet of Things to boost their operations and gain visibility over their end to end supply chain. This transparency is further enabling them to keep a track of their goods, whether they are stored in a warehouse or are conveyed via fleet trucks.

This further helps these businesses to enhance their process execution and provide timely delivery services to their customers.

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Before starting let me introduce the term IoT and why it is important to protect and How to protect or what are the various ways to protect mobile apps from cyber attacks.

Introduction to IoT( Internet of Things) :

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A Platform where embedded devices are connected to the internet where they can collect and exchange data with each other, These platform is known as IoT.
 
These enable devices to interact, learn and collaborate from each other’s experiences the same way humans do.

Reasons to protect IoT App Solutions:

Customized IoT apps deal with too many corporate data regularly. These data consist of very confidential and sensitive information about the company and its customers.
 
As the app data get collaborated, the critical data can go in the wrong hand and due to these operations of the IoT network get affected hence to keep the customized IoT app secure is necessary.
 
The data separation can direct hit on the company’s reputation that results in major financial loss.
 
Top Tips to protect the valuable IoT mobile apps from Cyber Attacks:
 
Here are some of the solutions that help you to deal with mobile apps threats and protect your app in the future.

Integrate security in the code:

These are for the developers as while developing any mobile app they need to make sure to include security framework or else hackers will find the flaws that gain the control and can easily access the application.
 
In real-time to prevent and detect attacks on the app, we need to make sure that the app is secured with Runtime application protection.
 
A breach test should be conducted regularly to identify if the app is approachable.

Proper Authentication and Identification:

Whenever there is no proper authentication in place, there is a major possibility that corporate data can easily exchange.
 
For the developers, it's mandatory that the app APIs only offer access to essential parts of apps which would result in minimizing exposure.
 
JSON is considered ideal for encrypted data exchange, whereas OpenID allows re-usage of the same testimonial within different domains.
 
For developers, big enterprises should examine tools and offers access to them for detecting and can close security exposure.

Secure Payment Transactions:

Either you are selling some products online or charging for offering different services its necessary to have a secure payment gateway.
 
To make the sensitive client transaction and payment system more secure and integrated with multi-factor encryption and authentication.

Secure the App from Backend:

By implementing security on servers and prevent unauthorized access makes the app secured and also protects the confidential data.
 
Before passing from client to the database and app’s server its necessary that APIs should be tested.
 
The effective way to secure the data and documents is containerization. Using VPN, TLS and SSL encryption will add more security. To confirm data protection can be done by referring to a network security specialist.

Implement App Transport Security - ATS: 

By securing the connection between the app and back-end server we can prevent a mobile app from cyber-attacks. 
 
Majority of consumer and enterprise app work on a single device. By enabling ATS attempts to connect the devices using insecure HTTP will fail.
 
However, hidden integration and data hacking can take place if proper security is not implemented.

Deal with unknown Threats:

As the usage of mobile devices is increasing day by day, a number of threats are evolving rapidly and in this case, it’s not possible to be prepared in an earlier stage.
 
With the help of the Open Web application security project, we can deal with mobile threats. Additionally, users can install an additional mobile security app on the device.

Some of the Consequences:

Nowadays, the biggest concern for the stakeholders is increasing the vulnerability of mobile applications at an enterprise level.
 
If you wish to build a mobile app that can protect your app from cyber attacks, viruses, spyware, and malware connect to the best cross-platform app development company that will keep the client's need on the topmost priority and lead to a successful app.
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Everyone living in a major city is no stranger to the stress of parking. Depending on where you live, it can take as little as a few minutes or as much as an hour or more to find a proper parking spot. According to a recent study, drivers in the UK spend an average of 44 hours a year looking for parking spaces. Drivers in New York not surprisingly spend an average of 107 hours a year, which equals four and a half days, searching for that prime parking spot. 

Although the stress of parking is enough to drive anyone crazy, it also has negative economic effects. According to Cisco, 40% of drivers say they avoid driving into cities due to parking limitations. This decrease in a downtown population can cause businesses to suffer, and possibly even close, as seen in various areas throughout Britain. 

As cars began to gain popularty during the 1920s, you would expect that we would have found a solution to this problem by now. Perhaps, we finally have. Blockchain technology may be the next step in providing smarter parking solutions and by effect alleviating drivers’ stress.

Changing the Way We Park with Blockchain

Blockchain is much more than technology which brought forth bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. It has found a variety of uses throughout industries. Banks, hospitals and multiple other sectors are beginning to use blockchain to revolutionize the way they do business. 

Blockchain is now being used to manage supply chains and logistics to streamline companies’ outdated paper-based systems. However, it is not only businesses that are benefitting from blockchain — soon drivers will be able to benefit as well. With its use of smart contracts and tokens, blockchain has the potential to automate many services which currently devour our time and hold us hostage behind a wheel. 

Besides its automated solutions, blockchain technology also has a variety of security perks attributed to its use of a decentralized digital ledger. There have been many developments regarding blockchain technology and smart parking, and multiple startups are working on new ways to reinvent the way we park.

Pairing the Internet of Things with Blockchain to Ease Our Stress

Three companies, NetObjex, Advantech, and PNI Sensor Corp. are currently working on a solution to improve the way we park with the Internet of Things (IoT) and blockchain. Each company offers services that when merged can provide parking automation like something out of a sci-fi movie.  

NetObjex blockchain services equip vehicles with crypto wallets to automate parking transactions. PNI Sensor Corp.’s PlacePod is an IoT-enabled smart sensor placed in parking spots to detect when they are taken. Advantech’s Parking Service System provides the hardware and cloud service for the entire program to operate. Merged together, these three services automate transactions, show vacant parking spots, and display directions for getting there. 

Reserve a Parking Space with PARKRES

Using a state-of-the-art sensory network which tracks and manages parking spots throughout a city PARKRES provides a parking reservation system aimed to reduce the time we spend in our cars. Customers of this system can pay for parking with cryptocurrencies or fiat through phone, auto payments, online, or through monthly subscriptions. 

With this service, the goal of the PARKRES team is to reduce carbon emissions and traffic congestion throughout cities around the globe. Ultimately, the service will utilize both IoT and blockchain in order to provide a real-time parking app to its users. This is just one of the many steps taken by companies to change the way we think about parking.

Cryptoparking Makes Parking a Breeze

Similar to PARKRES, Cryptoparking combines blockchain and IoT technologies to provide a solution to the global parking problem. Cryptoparking’s IoT-based smart parking management system utilizes cameras and sensors to find the closest and cheapest parking spot near the service users.

Revolutionizing Parking with Blockchain and IoT

Although relatively new, blockchain technology holds the key to providing solutions to many societal problems, making news around the world as a technology which could eventually change the way we live. No longer will drivers need to roam through streets searching for the optimal spot, no longer will they need to park blocks away from their intended destination. With blockchain and IoT technologies, the parking problems of today will eventually become a thing of the past. 

The only things holding this technology back is the lack of mass adoption as many are still hesitant to try it out. Yet as blockchain use cases continue to build, we can only hope that it will soon be adopted in order to finally rid drivers of the stress associated with parking in large cities. 

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IoT Gateways are becoming an essential part in various smart grids solutions, across Industrial, Residential, and Transmission & Distribution projects. Gateways help in addressing energy conservation at both the consumer and transmission level. Here, we will discuss some of the unique features of IoT gateways like clustering, interoperability, security, and others

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Over the next 25 years, the global energy consumption is estimated to soar by 40%, and unless we don’t stumble upon a vast coal mine, there is no way we can fulfil this requirement.

You may be thinking: “Renewable energy will do the job for us.”

Yes, renewable energy are paving the path for a more sustainable future, however, their mass adoption is still limited due to several barriers. They are highly dependent on natural occurrences, require a high capital investment, and are inflexible with traditional energy grids. It can’t be said with certainty when these limitless sources can be used to a full extent for our ever-growing electricity needs.

Till the time we overcome these barriers and adopt the renewables entirely, optimal and efficient utilization of non-energy resources is the only prominent option to stretch our days of existence with power supply.

Utilities are continually looking for a technological enabler that can help them optimize their processes and manage assets remotely. IoT is one such technology that is helping power generation companies to do so.

With its advanced telemetry and cognition capabilities, energy utilities can boost their energy transmission and distribution processes to facilitate the efficient flow of electricity and reduce energy wastage.

Let us see the ways with which IoT can help utilities for adequate electricity supply:

1)  Remote Asset Monitoring and Management:

This is primarily the most talked-about application of an IoT system. It allows energy companies to remotely manage their equipment; ranging from power generators to transmission lines. Sensors embedded on assets can measure parameters like temperature, vibration, pressure, wear, etc. that can be read by the utilities to identify the probable breakdown point.

This enable utilities to monitor the depreciation of their assets and govern the overall health of their power transmission and distribution architecture. By compiling the continuously stored data, insights and trends can also be generated to estimate the failure time. Subsequently, inspection and maintenance procedures can be scheduled to eliminate failures and reduce downtime.

Furthermore, by planning their repair and maintenance tasks as per IoT based real-time alert system, power generation companies can even reduce energy losses and enhance their operational efficiency. This helps them to optimize the consumption of their resources and facilitate the flow of electricity from power plants to consumers’ facilities in an efficient manner.

2)  Grid Balancing and Supply Rerouting/Restoring:

Smart Grids are a modern IoT variant of the existing power grids that include several energy measures and smart appliances like smart meters. Their implementation in the infrastructure of power distribution and transmission makes the flow of electricity from power plants to the end consumers more efficient and reliable.

However, there benefits far exceeds then simply supplying the electricity from one place to another. They allow utilities to lower operational costs and help customers to manage electricity consumption at home.

In terms of making the flow of electricity more efficient and promote optimum resource utilization, smart grids are the initial choice. As they work on a two-way interaction, they can effectively manage congestion on the power lines. They are even capable of ensuring the connection requirements of the generation stations such as frequency and voltage control to prevent instability.

Furthermore, the smart grids offer astounding electricity rerouting and restoring advantages. In case a transmission line breaks due to adverse weather conditions or voltage fluctuations, smart grids can find another route to transmit electricity to a locality. Other than facilitating a constant power supply, utilities can also use this feature of smart grids to identify causes that result in energy fluctuations. This empowers energy companies to reduce fluctuations that result in wire failure and hence boost their asset utilization efficiently.

Smart Grids also enable the indulgence of renewable energy resources. Let us see how:

3)  Renewable energy management:

As we discussed earlier, the IoT infuses two-way dialogue system in an existing electricity distribution channel. This means that instead of merely supplying power to the users and bill them once a month, the IoT system enables both the utilities and consumers to share information.

“In layman terms, even the end-users can now contribute to a smart grid.”

The most significant advantage of using smart grids is its ability to include renewable energy resources to an existing power grid. Thus, end consumers using solar panels to power their home appliances can discharge excess electricity into the power grid in exchange for money. Many countries like USA and India are providing subsidies to end consumers for creating a small-scale solar power station on their rooftops.

This is assisting in the mass adoption of renewable energy resources, which other than alleviating energy scarcity can also help in reducing the emission of greenhouse gases. Since smart grids act as a stable infrastructure to maintain voltage fluctuations, they can be used to manage the electricity flow from both renewable and conventional methods.

My Personal Opinion:

“As per marketsandmarkets, IoT in the energy market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 24.1% to reach a value of USD 22.34 billion by the end of 2020.”

This showcase the potential that IoT can offer to the vertical of electricity transmission and distribution. Its implementation has the power to facilitate our energy needs and reduce our consumption to a great extent. As per a study by environmental impact assessment (EIA), by effectively utilizing existing IoT technologies, the industries in the US have reduced their coal energy consumption for producing electricity by 14 to 22%.

Similarly, as smart consumers, we can also implement smart meters and IoT based energy monitoring solutions at our homes and facilities to monitor overall power consumption and manage needs accordingly.

This can be the initial step to enjoy limitless power. Let us contribute by joining the IoT revolution and make our homes & industries smart for a sustainable future.

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The real estate segment has been acknowledged as the most "behind in development" in multiple Forbes and TechCrunch reports. Mainly because of the fact that real estate investments, management and everything in between aren't very appealing to younger generations, a lot of companies and brokers still rely on a very traditional approach, made of direct marketing, face-to-face meetings and similar. With this in mind, though, there are several ones who refused to remain in an "old" era and embraced new pieces of technology. Let's analyse why IoT should be the pivotal one.

The Usage Of Data

Let's state the obvious: every real estate-related process is bulky and slow. From finance to paperwork, every small individual process could take ages to be finalised and this, for many, was the starting opening point for technology to proliferate within this sector. The usage of data, in the real estate sector, applies to IoT because it revolves around risk management for long term financial procedures: if someone is looking to invest £2 million in a property, for example, a long credit score check will be required, as well as cross-references to evaluate if the request isn't masked as what's known in the segment as a "ghost contractor". Big data, especially if coming from bank accounts and credit card companies, could speed up these processes massively, effectively connecting an extremely slow business segment to the IoT. The UK is very ahead in regards to this very matter, especially within the commercial property auctions segment, where companies are heavily relying on data to speed up the buying process.

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Architecture-Ready Applications

Has anyone of you ever used a dedicated software for any real estate task? From development to buying and investments, every piece of software has been designed and planned for professionals who know technical terms, therefore actually blocking "casual" users or junior professionals from approaching them. Having a data-driven, IoT-oriented architecture could heavily help in setting up budgeting for real estate management (having 12 properties and calculating individual fees isn't an easy job) or just to deal with clients, by letting it focus on the taxes/admin part whilst you do the "physical" management part.
Once again, the usage of big data and data points is quintessential for this very purpose, given the fact that it could simplify the way many different tasks are executed, effectively reducing their timescales.

To Conclude

Should the real estate sector approach IoT, data and data science? Definitely. Not only because of the above-mentioned reasons but also because of the fact that data-driven strategies are ahead of time: from 2020, in fact, we will definitely witness a massive growth of data and its applications in business (not just IoT).

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A network of physical objects interconnected through computing devices like machine appliances, digital devices, objects, vehicles and uses APIs (Application Programming Interfaces) and sensors to exchange data and connect with the internet is known as IoT or Internet of Things.

IoT platform connects the virtual and the real worlds. It helps the companies in managing IoT devices, connectivity, security, linking devices to back end system, collecting device data, building & running IoT apps as well as ensuring IoT interoperability.

According to a survey, approx. 75 billion devices will be IoT enabled by the end of the year 2025. 

Also, in the coming 5-6 years, the world will witness an investment of near $ 6 trillion on IoT out of which at least $ 3 trillion is expected to be invested in the health care industry for IoT.

And why not? The experts are also of the same viewpoint that by the end of the year 2020, approx. 90 % of the health care industry will adopt IoT. Generally speaking, IoT has already made its way to the homes of general people through Google, Amazon, Alexa, etc.

Almost all the IoT enabled devices to have:

  1. A device or a sensor;
  2. Data processing unit;
  3. A connecting unit;
  4. User interface.

Challenges Faced By The Health Care Industry

The health care industry faces constant challenges. No compromise is entertained when it comes to health. 

The number of deaths occurred due to delay in treatment or delay in the ambulance approaches, in the prevalence of road jam are recurring and very common.

However, these untimely deaths can be prevented by enabling IoT in house treatment in the health care industry. 

The devices that are capable of monitoring heart rate sleep cycle, energy expenditure can be helpful in the timely detection of the problems arising in the human body.

In other cases, the risk of infection post-surgery is a real threat to the life of the patient, and the result can be anything from a prolonged hospitalization to even death.

The other problems faced by the health care industry are health monitoring, timely detection of health problems, tiresome diagnostic techniques, inappropriate ambiance, inaccurate measurements, human error, etc.

Although health care is relatively slow as compared to financial or other industries in the incorporation of IoT devices, 40 % of health care is already using IoT. 

The slow growth is due to the following reason:

  1. The methods of health care go through rigorous tests.
  2. Security in health care is still a significant concern for the devices that are enabled with IoT.

Even the hurdle remains, yet the speed and connected health care are growing each day progressively.

Health care service providers need to innovate and plan for digital transformation and reach in those areas where there are not enough health care systems and professionals. 

The industry needs a reliable communication network partner to provide mobile and cloud connectivity. IoT App Development Company should take care of this issue.

Now the question arises as to how IoT Is Transforming the Health care Industry? Following are attributes and contribution in the health care industry:

In the coming years, IoT devices such as Coagulation testing and Activity trackers will adopt the world of connected things with a common platform from handheld devices to medical equipment as well as health records. The capability of IoT is inexhaustible for these devices. 

The potential to efficiently manage the health of the patient as well as monitor and track the problems is saving valuable seconds of the life of a patient, without having to visit the hospital.

With the help of IoT, the health experts can give a distant and remote diagnosis to the patient. Also, they can track medical assets that provide quality care instantly and manages health care efficiently. 

With the help of Wi-Fi and sensors, the ability to locate the correct section in a hospital has become easy for patients as well as health experts.

Almost all the health experts who have already adopted the IoT enabled services do believe in the crucial benefits of it. 

They think that the benefits will be to control and monitor sensors and medical devices from a patient’s heart monitor to his or her temperature gauges; the real-time data exist in health care. 

Further, patients and staff can securely manage IoT data by creating an effective as well as a safer environment through a standard application on mobile devices.

Perpetual Collaboration

Continuous collaboration amongst health experts and patients is imperative for health care organizations. By providing access to non-core data and applications to them whenever they need, will boost up the productivity level and will help in enhancing efficiency.

When it comes to diagnostic accuracy, WCE short for Wireless Capsule Endoscopy comes into the picture. 

The process involves the patient to swallow a small capsule camera that can record the patient’s internal organs. 

It has the potential to capture specific parts of the gastrointestinal tract that are not visible otherwise through diagnostic procedures. 

Also, it can detect bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract, which is not possible through traditional methods.

Maintenance of Cordial and Healthy Relationships

The health experts have to take special care to manage the risk by protecting the record of patients and other crucial data against external exploitations. 

This refers to ensuring the service continuity and no disruption in the event of a breach of trust. Many experts are saying that you can combine IoT with Android & iOS apps as well.

It will help you to reach out to more and more people and also make use of this wonderful trending technology.

A Flourishing Transformation

Hence, IoT is indeed a boon not only for health care but almost every industry that is capable of enabling its services through IoT. 

Its current pace of growth in health care is hopefully best for this domain. IoT health care means an efficient and more accessible patient care experience. 

It allows staff to do their work in a better way, and this is the reason why 80 % of health care experts forecast that IoT is going to transform the industry in a better way. 

With global network connectivity and infrastructure, it is high time for other health care providers to adapt and offer IoT enabled services to the patients nationally as well as internationally.

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What if your everyday devices like washing machines, lights, speakers, TVs, and cameras could communicate with you, send information to you and work on your commands even from distant places? With technologies like IoT and Artificial Intelligence, it is possible to digitize homes and make everyday devices smarter. Read on to find out how.

 
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Kubernetes is increasingly becoming the de-facto standard with more software & applications workloads moving into containers. Kubernetes has capture the cloud market by storm through the implementation of strong infrastructure development. It makes deploying and managing the app easier and improve reliability and reduce the time you need to spend on DevOps.

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We must be prepared for the Internet of Things (IoT) Tsunami, but it will not be in 2020 as many of us believed. The good news is that it is approaching but now more quietly than a few years ago.

For the most pessimistic or unconvinced of the IoT, I must say that much of the hype around the Internet of Things is not really hype anymore. I will say one more time: “IoT’s here to stay”.

In Ten Trends of IoT in 2020, Ahmed Banafa considers that in the year 2020 we will hit all 4 components of IoT Model: Sensors, Networks (Communications), Analytics (Cloud), and Applications, with different degrees of impact. If we pay attention again to the predictions by 2020, the IoT is predicted to generate an additional $344B in revenues, as well as to drive $177B in cost reductions. In his article, Mr, Banafa explore the impact of many technologies on IoT and predict what is next for IoT.

No doubt that disruptive new trends will emerge over the next few years that will pave the way for a complete overhaul in the way we view and interact with our world and the Internet of Things will continue its brisk and steady rise as our planet and everything in it becomes connected.

Nevertheless, some shadows continue to appear for IoT like we can read in “IoT in 2020: awkward times ahead” . The pain points are the usual suspects:

  • Security – The divide between IT and OT is one of the central causes of the security problem
  • Lack of complete solutions - IT companies have been aggressive in partnering up with OT companies, and there’s a general recognition that most complete IoT solutions will involve products from multiple vendors.
  • No single vendor is able to offer a complete solution to a given IoT problem and, therefore, unable to solve the broader issues with IoT technology in a unitary way.
  • Edge networking- One of the major trends for 2020. The cloud can be a limiting factor in a lot of IoT deployments.

I was pleased say that I have included some of the Top 5 IoT trends released by Ecosystm in this free report “The Top 5 IoT Trends For 2020”. Here's what we think 2020 has in store for IoT:

  • 5G Providers Will Be Forced to Operate Outside their Comfort Zone
  • Satellite IoT Connectivity Solutions Will Start to Compete Against and Work with LPWANs
  • IoT Sensor Analytics Will Become the Fastest Growing AI Workload
  • Construction Will Become the Unsuspecting Influencers for IoT Adoption
  • The Edge Will No Longer Be at the Edge 

Following the tradition of previous years, I have been collecting links to other sources with IoT Predictions and Trends for 2020. You can read more predictions in these links:

Previous Predictions collected in my articles

2020 IoT Predictions  - https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/2020-iot-trends-predictions-prepared-tsunami-francisco-maroto  

2019 IoT Predictions  -  https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/yes-we-continue-making-iot-predictions-2019-francisco-maroto/

2018 IoT Predictions -   https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/have-we-already-bored-predicting-iot-francisco-maroto/

2017 IoT Predictions - https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/finally-2017-year-internet-things-i-do-think-so-francisco-maroto/

 

Key Takeaway                

This year there are fewer predictions about IoT. This is not bad. On the contrary, it is a symptom that the hype has disappeared and the IoT has evolved and has become more real.

For my part, every year I am lazier to read predictions and trends. Many articles are written by non-IoT experts, are repetitive and do not add great value.

Let´s keep the positive messages of 2020 IoT Predictions and Trends:

  1. IoT is developing at a fast pace
  2. The maturity phase of IoT has just begun, and it is soon to become a full-blown business in the coming years.

We, the IoT Pioneers, know that IoT development isn’t something that will happen overnight but we also know that IoT will star developing in 2020 at a fast pace.

Back in 2000, futurist Paul Saffo warned that in 2020, we’ll be “living in an age of technologically induced creative destruction.”

We're far from that. Expect a 2020 year of less IoT technology news and more business news.

No matter if you are running a small business, a medium or large company or a multinational, IoT is going to find its way into your business. So, be prepared for the IoT Tsunami that is coming!

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Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) is the next big thing in the manufacturing industry that allows manufacturers to digitize their overall business. The majority of large scale manufacturers are aware of this revolutionizing technology of IIoT but do not know where to focus their efforts and what decisions to make to get started.

The end goal of introducing IIoT in manufacturing is to reduce the downtime of factories, save energy with smart power saving, and increase overall revenue. The Internet of Things can transform the manufacturing ecosystem by expanding the value chain, moving towards the agile production process, and improving customer service.

What is the Industrial Internet of Things?

Internet of Things (IoT) has extended beyond being just a buzzword. IoT capabilities implemented in the Industrial and Manufacturing space make way for the modern revolution Industrial IoT. With an amalgamation of different technologies like machine learning, big data, sensor data, M2M communication, and automation, IIoT is all set to transform the manufacturing processes. IIoT makes way for connected enterprise improving visibility, boosting operational efficiency, increases productivity as well as reducing the complexity of the process in the industry. Industrial IoT is a strategy aimed at enhancing the quality, safety, productivity in a trade.

IIoT: Optimizing Operations in Manufacturing

Let’s know the adoption plan for manufacturers to move towards smart factories. IIoT is utilized to employ the industry-best practices of device connectivity and management, synchronization of processes, and advanced analytics to get the best productivity. The following are essential dimensions that require the attention of manufacturers to prepare for the fourth industrial revolution.

Empowering Equipment to Become Smart and Intelligent

 The traditional working pattern of factories is mismanaged, for which the following factors are held responsible:

  • Range of equipment working independently of each other
  • Machinery that is fixed only in cases of break down
  • No consideration of load balance for scheduling of maintenance checks 

Smart factories are built with intelligent equipment that self-manage work and collaborate with the entire manufacturing ecosystem for the synchronized workflow of processes.

Installing Sensors for Safety

Using sensors helps in increasing visibility into the functioning of equipment and get details on possible threshold violations. Manufacturers can identify problems through remote monitoring of computer where sensors are connected to other large networks for in-depth analysis.

IoT is not just about saving money and time; it is about keeping workers safe. Sensors can be used to manage and monitor workers’ locations in case of an emergency or evacuation.

Creating a Blended Workforce

 Workers operating on a pre-defined schedule and regardless of production plans result in wastage of resources, money, and efforts. The best way to making optimum use of the workforce is to align their work along with machines so that they can work collaboratively to deliver outputs as per manufacturing requirements. 

Such result-orients efforts of a blended workforce allow in improving the efficiency of manufacturing processes. Train the workforce to use the emerging technologies of wearables and mobile helps in implementing the concept of enterprise mobility. This eventually results in enhanced accessibility and flexibility to undertake tasks. 

Essential data such as checking of work status, work allocation details, and instructions can be accessed as well as updated in real-time by the entire workforce. Integration of human and machine, i.e. blended workforce resolves the problem of underutilized and unutilized assets, crossing of deadlines, and management of people as per the urgency of the delivery.

The Power of Prediction

IIoT can exponentially improve operating efficiencies and increase the power of prediction in the manufacturing process. Just consider if a machine stops functioning in an optimum manner, the connected sensors can identify the reason behind malfunction and generate a service request. 

Predictive maintenance is the next big thing that will help a manufacturer predict when a machine might breakdown or enter a precarious operating condition even before it happens.

The process of condition monitoring is a fairly time-intensive process to analyze sound frequencies, vibrations, and temperature of a given machine to assess its reasonable condition. With the effective use of sensors, it is easy to collect and quickly analyze data points prediction becomes powerful and more comfortable.

The overall equipment effectiveness (OEE) improved with IIOT and sensors. The increased OEE reduces waste for the organization by predicting when machines would require maintenance and need to be taken out of service. By decreasing machine downtime, manufacturing companies can take better advantage of the factory’s capacity.

 Business Process

Manufacturers are defying the conventional tactics and improving business processes by abandoning manual management involving tracking people, materials, tasks, and products. Now is the era of integrated and synced systems that are intricately planned and executed in real-time, providing real-time visibility of materials and products throughout lifecycles, optimize workflow to encourage preventive actions for defective products, and optimize plant operations for effective use of resources and assets. The factories of the future will be agile, adjusting swiftly and effectively to change according to customer demand while controlling costs and quality.

Conclusion

IIoT has been identified as one of the most promising technologies with the power of creating economic change. There are several possibilities that have added up to the “Next Big Thing”. However not every evolving technology has the potential to break through the business and social landscape.

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Artificial Intelligence is a popular term currently evolving around software industries. Many app development companies were developing their requirement process to recommend AI-bases workers and also many institutes were trained to learn the concept of AI. It clearly says that in the future, most of the tasks will drive through AI. Hence it is good to know how AI will help the professions to run their routine work effectively. It’s not only about learning the skill but also depends upon the interest you have to learn. AI does not only deals with a particular requirement.

It also deals with sectors like data analytics, machine learning, data mining, etc. By combining these factors will help to maintain the AI to train the job for the long term. Hence make sure to know the areas that follow to build the profession in profit. This blog will help you to know the information for the profession that helps to operate effectively.

Software Development

Software development is one of the topmost demanding jobs in every country. By getting into the job as a software developer will help to promote the career faster than the other industries. In the future, AI will help the programmers to think less as machine learning will take place to eliminate the code and introduce the algorithm to build the application. By allowing the Ai to adopt the section to work will help to play the complete function in an easy mode. IT reduces the effort of using the coding and also helps to build the apps easier and effectively. For example, software testing is one of the important roles in development, by placing AI to automate the testing will help to replace the employee and reduce the effort of them.

Machine Industry

The machine industry is a vital part to run society. Workers were working for the long term and creating a great effort to complete the work. AI will help to respond to the function to operate smarter and effectively. By utilizing the data analytics, the result to maintain the chain process will become easier and more effective. Hence complete machine industry will get a hike to improve their quality. By focusing on furthermore internets of things get communicated with the sources from industry and get huge control. Hence by using these technologies will bury the effort of workers and also increase the quality of time from the manufacturing side. It improves the quality and helps to maintain the product to get qualified.

Education System

Education is the right of every citizen of the country but most of the time students get frustrated due to the load that is given by the system. Hence it collapses the mind easily. Thus to prevent it Ai can implement it. It helps the system to decrease the load of education and improves understanding. It allows the student to get interact easier and helps to improve the concept to understand.

For example, if a student wants to learn the practical session, its easy to make it live virtually. It helps them to improve their creativity and also increase their interest to observe. Hence by implementing AI will tend to improve the whole concept of education.

Healthcare

The healthcare industry is always an important part to get noticed. Every person was looking for improving their health but most of the time they were lazy to build the habit to take care. Thus by using Ai, the cost of spending bucks for health will reduce and the improvement of the human cycle will get increases. Already Ai apps were built to support the human by analyzing their symptom. Hence in the future, apps get increased and also the technology will get improved. By acknowledging the human about their problem with the symptom will help to improve their health without any support and also help to save their money. Even data analytics will help the patient’s improvement of humans in terms of analyzing the error. Thus by using data science as it is a part of Ai will help to maintain the record of patient safer and also reliable to the human.

Supply Chain

The supply chain is one of the toughest parts of the profession as it requires used by many companies to service for them. By using the data analyst, the usage level of getting information will be much good rather than depending on humans. It helps the business person to prevent the time shortage and also increases the quality of response. By ensuring the time is important to supply chain business as it matters a lot to the supply chain profession. Hence applying Ai to the supply chain will be prettier and help the process to work properly and reliability for the system.

Wearable Gadgets

Technology is much reliable to society to help the human and increase the concentration on their work. Wearable devices are one of the popular devices that have been getting merge with human routines. Especially devices are used for health reasons. Hence by using the gadgets will allow the user to acknowledge the ratings of health. By using the gadgets, the usage will be finer to track. Also, the apps related to wearable devices were much high and also demand is also getting a hike. Many top app companies were working for wearable apps. Hence the usage of these kind apps will bring great attention to the software industry. It is related to IOT. Thus automatically Ai will get into the game to manage the data.

Business Models

Maintaining the business as per the requirement of the client is the major responsibility of every person. The important part is the data that has to be analyzed well. It should not get criticized. Hence analyzing the data with the help of AI models will improve the business requirement and also the client requirement. Thus in the future, many companies will seek data analytics to improve their business.

Final Words

Artificial intelligence is one of the topmost sectors in today’s world. And driving the field via these techniques will help to improve the complete session.

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In today’s digital era, people, objects and devices are connected via the internet. Consequently, a humongous amount of data is generated daily, which when processed and analyzed can provide valuable insights, which in turn can be leveraged for informed decision making. Today, ground-breaking technologies like IoT (Internet of things) has completely transformed the way people think, behave and work. IoT, which is simply an ecosystem of interconnected devices that communicate with each other while operating independently helps in performing various operations such as identifying, analysis and control mechanisms. In fact, real-time insights gained through IoT can prove to be beneficial for businesses in several ways.   

Since customer satisfaction is a prominent factor that influences the growth of an evolving business, businesses are trying to make the most of this innovative technology by integrating their CRM platforms with it. While IoT helps in driving meaningful insights across various departments including marketing, sales and customer service, the combined power of IoT and CRM can augment efficiency and visibility, which in turn will help the business respond to customer needs in real-time. 

To provide customers with improved customer service, businesses are leveraging the IoT Cloud platform for providing businesses with a complete and integrated view of customer behavior by helping connect a large number of sensors, applications, devices, etc. with billions of events. This is where you might need the support of a Salesforce consultant.  

How does the Salesforce IOT cloud Work?  

The Salesforce IoT cloud platform, which is powered by Thunder is designed to provide personalized CRM experiences to customers. This immensely scalable platform binds data from sales, service and marketing clouds and processes it to provide businesses with insights regarding customer behavior so that they can engage with them in a more relevant way. In other words, businesses can now provide their customers with the services and features they have been looking for.  

Let’s take a quick look as to how the integration of Salesforce IoT cloud with your company’s CRM can take your business to new heights:  

Informed Sales & Marketing Efforts:The two departments which benefit most by the integration of IoT and CRM are the sales and marketing department. While salespeople can cultivate a better rapport with their prospects by gaining insights from data gathered by IoT devices, marketing professionals will have the necessary information regarding customer preferences and needs to create ground-breaking strategies for brand promotion.  

Enhanced Customer Services: The amalgamation of IoT with CRM paves way for businesses to provide superior customer service, which leaves your customers happy and satisfied. By pre-determining the real-time issues of their customers, businesses can create efficient plans to prevent their customers from suffering any type of hassles, their reputation, as well as public relations.  

Updated Pricing Models: By integrating IoT with a CRM system, businesses can position their brand in the market with a competitive pricing model.This becomes possible due to insights gained from live data streaming.  

To Sum Up:  

With Customer expectations constantly evolving, it becomes mandatory to take steps that can provide your business an edge over your competitors. By integrating IoT with your business CRM, you will be able to gain significant insights regarding customer needs and preferences, which in turn can be leveraged to satisfy your customers and maneuver you from the competition. To make the most of your CRM, it makes sense to integrate your CRM with the IoT system for which you may get in touch with a reputed Salesforce consulting company.   

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Artificial intelligence plays a significant role in the growth of the IoT sector. Artificial intelligence emulates the task more profoundly, Those performances were earlier limited to the human workforce, but now the Artificial intelligence development company has made a lot more noise in almost every sector by actually revolutionize everyone's lives.

The Internet of Things has been introduced in recent years with the objective to transfer data to other devices through the internet. IoT relies heavily on the internet connection that handles large volumes of data. IoT and artificial intelligence from the last two years are going hand in hand as these data helps in generating a lot more data that can be taken as actionable results.

Artificial intelligence helps IoT to handle the data on the basis of algorithms where they can convert data with the help of machine learning-based analytics. These AI Developers help the company to monitor operations that can give great insight from the data with greater accuracy.

 

Gartner predicts that by 2022, more than 80 % of enterprise IoT projects will include an AI component, up from only 10 % today.

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How AI and IoT are Contribution to Growth

AI at work can access your IoT databases and know about your choices on the basis of last preferences, these personalized suggestions can easily make someone's life much easier. Here are some vital factors where Artificial intelligence affects the internet of things. 

  • Greater Revenue

IoT and AI are proving to be beneficial for most industries. These effects are enhanced by greater revenues and returns along with smart services-based solutions. With the extraordinary combination are transforming the workflows and other productivity of the businesses. 

  • Reduced Costs

AI and IoT ensure to reduce the operational cost by properly monitoring the smart sensors, meters, other fitted appliances. AI solution providers are providing impressive features that minimize the operational costs of households and business enterprises.

  • Predictive Analysis

AI uses the power of analysis to forecast and minimize unpredictable incidents at the most basic level. It allows businesses to manage real-time data in determining the condition of machinery and equipment which are likely to break down in some time.  Proper action can be taken prior to avoid any kind of damages or loss with an associated cost. 

  • Enhance Risk Management

A number of applications that integrate IoT with AI help companies to better understand and foresee a range of risks with the fast response, allowing them to better manage the safety of the workers, loss or any other cybersecurity attacks. This law enforcement identifies all the possible loss and tries to eliminate the threat before access.

 

How IoT impacts Industrial Sector

#1 Manufacturing

The manufacturing industries are integrating smart sensors with the help of IoT in order to perform enhance the efficiencies. These smart sensors help in detaching the threats be it aircraft, automobiles, household. By implementing Artificial intelligence solutions and smart sensors can help in diminishing the errors and also reduces the overall cost with the help of prognostic analysis.

#2 Smart Homes

IoT introduced the concept of a smart home where all devices are connected through a shared network. Through integrating this with AI, all of these apps will be able to understand the commands of their users and make smart decisions accordingly.

It can also help to reduce the cost of electricity by switching off devices when things are not used just by switching off the lights.

#3 Airlines

After the evolution of the latest IoT technology, all kinds of machines are run through sensors. We do not need to physically touch the devices to perform. These sensors are needed to identify the maintenance issue if any flight delays or cancellations, sensors automatically send messages to its passengers about schedule time or delays. Artificial intelligence solutions automatically transmit the issue, be it flight delays, cancellation or any other essential information. 

Conclusion

AI and IoT cumulative impact would fundamentally restructure our personal and professional lives. Therefore, wise companies opt for a strategic and innovative strategy to control this incoming phenomenon and transform it into a huge opportunity for their company to escalate. These dependencies and AI and IoT are aiming to gather important issues that process and store data with the visionary approach that can easily escalate businesses. The IoT development company is reshaping the whole scenario by simply combining the AI and IoT functionalities.

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The advent of Industry has marked the rise of IoT - the Internet of Things as one of the most significant shifts in the global devices market. It refers to the use of internet connectivity among the electric devices and systems to execute a joint function autonomously. 

 

We can find an uncanny resemblance to this concept in the movie Home Alone 4 (2002), where the idea of a smart home fad was beautifully narrated with its pros and cons that will turn into a reality soon. Two decades down the line, we are on the brink of the IoT revolution, which will result in increasing the living standards globally. Dive in deeper to explore the current happenings and future horizons.

 

Current Market Scenario and the Probable Stakeholders

The potential of IoT applications is widely recognized by both enterprises, retail consumers, and government agencies as it will integrate the cyber-physical systems with internet connectivity in order to interact with the surrounding through sensors and manipulating devices. Business Insider estimates the value of this tech innovation to be $1.7 trillion in the year 2019. The use of the Internet of Things will reduce the need for human effort in various tasks and provide controlled environments for achieving the desired results. 

 

The investment done by the tech giants is illustrated in the below figure:

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 (source: Forbes)

 

Some Famous User Cases Which are Expected to Take off Exponentially

Manufacturing Sector

The companies like ABB, Airbus, Shell, and the long-term IoT pioneer Caterpillar have been proactively pushing for such innovations in building safer workplaces that require fewer human interactions in hazardous work, which is also beneficial to the profitability of the business. It will also find great reception in predictive maintenance scheduling and inventory management. 

 

Asset Management

The businesses are looking forward to replacing the GPS in order to increase the efficiency of tracking company-owned devices through internet connectivity. This will also reduce the lags in logistics and provide accurate details for the consumables, as in the case of printers. Another example would be integrating the payroll software with the employee vehicles to reimburse traveling claims.

 

Agriculture 

The use of IoT to develop smart greenhouse farms with autonomous controlled environments will prove to be a boon for the agriculture industry as it will help in boosting crop production. Smart irrigation will control the soil quality, moisture content, atmospheric gas contents, and monitor plant health without any human intervention. The farm equipment will also be controlled in greenhouse farms with minimal need for human support.

 

Smart Homes

They are one of the largest areas where the revolution is expected to unravel the disruption in the electronic devices market. Google Nest, Ecobee, and Netatmo being the big fishes in the business. Everything including from your regular home appliances like fridge, television, ambiance and temperature control system, music system, and utilities are connected over the internet and controlled by remote servers. The user can interact with them using their smartphones. The house security is also connected with the central system. 

 

The effect on Living Standards

When we look at the current scenario, many of these tasks, when automated, the people currently dealing with hazards related to their respective fields such as heavy machinery or agriculture can work in a much more safer environment. Smart homes will increase the quality of life and help households in saving money since energy consumption is streamlined while providing a luxurious experience. Businesses will experience higher profitability and increased morale of the employees owing to the techno-savvy environment. 

 

The Development of Newer Devices through Prototyping 

Before the application is made, it is essential to test the reliability of all the devices since they will be used under different conditions and other manufacturer’s devices too. Also, the addition of newer devices shall also be considered. The use of prototypes in test conditions will prove to be an economical alternative to full-fledged testing. This will include the use of sensors and motion actuation systems with minimal cosmetic additions and cladding.  

The following considerations will affect the development of future-ready electronic gadgets compatible with IoT applications:

  • Safety against web-based third-party cyber attacks.
  • Modularized designs with programmable memories.
  • Standardization of source code libraries to facilitate interoperability.
  • Confirmation of regional government regulations.
  • Operational conditions.

The modern tech innovations such as AI, Cloud Computing, Blockchain, and the dawn of 5G connectivity will push the IoT movement along with the use of advanced sensors. Increased computing capacities will also contribute to data processing functionalities. However, the stakeholders in the industry ranging from vendors to maintenance personnel will have to cope with the advances in the technological aspects. The Internet of Things is also expected to be backed by academic institutions by covering it in the syllabi for creating a skilled workforce.

The author would also like to discuss the threats associated, which would pose a danger for the users. If the security provided isn’t adequate, ransomware attacks, stealing user information, altering device settings to provoke hazardous conditions are some of the worst-case scenarios. Hence, the vendors shall be conscientious about the security aspects along with the legal repercussions. 

 

Your Piece of the Pie 

A lot of new facilities and value additions to the existing devices and tools will boost the quality of human life, curb the problems caused due to the dangerous working conditions along with the health problems caused by them. It will find a broad spectrum of business domains, including smart cars to intelligent healthcare that will radically redefine our homes and workplaces alike.

The real potential is yet to be explored since the number of gadgets and tools is increasing day by day in each aspect of life. Be it economic or social backdrops, we will experience cost-optimization going hands in hands with unparalleled convenience, which is a rare phenomenon so far. We can also expect the Internet of Things crossing paths with other advanced technologies such as Artificial Intelligence, Big Data Analytics, and Edge Computing that will add value to their purpose in an exponential manner. 

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“We won't stop until we see every vehicle on the road being electric,” said Elon Musk, the person who works to revolutionize transportation both on earth and in space. “China is about to ban the internal combustion engine,” said a mining financier, Robert Friedland. Tesla Model 3 needs approximately 65 kilograms of copper per vehicle. Cities are now demanding zero-emission buses. Whether it’s electric cars, buses, trucks, solar energy or wind energy generation – as we transit to a sustainable world, we need more copper, nickel, cobalt, lithium, platinum, palladium, zinc and aluminum. That’s why, mining products will be in huge demand. Nevertheless, in the present world, these minerals and other mining products are already a backbone for most industries.

However, just because mining products are vital to run industries and build a low-carbon future, it doesn’t mean that the society should turn a blind eye to the damages caused due to mining operations.

Concerns from communities and governments regarding the environmental effects of digging up the earth to extract metals and minerals is battering the sector. Also, current investors have become restless and new investors are reluctant to finance mining activities as mining operations have not altered significantly since decades. This puts pressure on mine owners to bring a change in traditional mining practices. Such a situation drives many mine owners to bring data-driven practices into their routine mining operations.

Like most industries, the technology that disrupts the traditional ways of mining will be a significant driver of change in mining. The goal is to make mining more effective, sparing, energy intensive and environmental-friendly.

From decades, the mining industry has been deploying PLC and SCADA systems for monitoring and controlling. But these monitoring and control systems are generally proprietary systems and offer limited interoperability with other systems. This is where IoT-based systems prove to be advantageous. IoT-based systems are based on open and highly connected Internet Protocol (IP) network structure. Such open network architectures enable current mining operations to move toward the next generation of smart mining.

Let's look at how IoT implementation empowers mine owners with its ability to transform traditional mining practices and:

Say NO to carelessness

Since the advent of mining, fires and explosions are serious safety issues. Specifically, in coal mines, spontaneous coal seam combustion turns into a catastrophe mainly due to carelessness. Besides, in the biggest coal producer nation like China, approximately 25.1% of their main coal mines are extremely gaseous mines, which after burning could lead to a disaster. Also, the environment surrounding mines can be vulnerable during combustion as massive quantities of toxic gases, including CO2, CO, SO2 and H2S, are emitted when a mine catches fire. Therefore, prevention and protection from fires is important for secured mining production as well as the global environment.

The mechanism of spontaneous combustion of the coal seam is like a typical spontaneous combustion, which requires oxygen. Hence, measuring the concentration of O2 is the key. In addition to O2, other gas contents, such as CO, CO2, N2, CH4, C2H4, C2H6, Rn and so forth, can be evaluated to detect spontaneous coal combustion at the surveillance spot.

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As shown in the image above, an IoT-based system continuously monitors the sensed values and displays them to remote users through a web dashboard. Besides, the system can send alerts to such users in the case of detecting abnormal values and it can activate mitigation devices (e.g., forced ventilation) to decrease gas concentrations smartly.

Say NO to waste of resources

There is an increasing demand of mining products, mining equipment and resources – such as conveyors, shearers, boring machines, hydraulic pump stations, hydraulic support stations, crushers, loaders, motor vehicles, water pumps and ventilation fans – to run mining operations continuously. Moreover, to increase profitability form the existing resources, mine owners need an effective and safe resource management platform that can bring resource wastage time to zero. In such situations, an IoT network can help mine owners or managers to know the locations of these expensive resources and its usage statistics. Further, the underground staff can also be monitored via an IoT network.

Dundee Precious Metals sets the best example for this. They have deployed nearly 280 wireless access points over 50 km (31 miles) of tunnels in their flagship gold mine placed in Chelopech, Bulgaria. The firm quadrupled production from 0.5 million to 2 million tons by using an IoT-based system to track miners and vehicles locations, monitor vehicles status and automate safety and maintenance operations.

An IoT-based system is not only helpful to mine owners but original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) as well. The open connectivity of IoT architecture enables OEMs to monitor their product performance in their lifetime, even after the product is sold. Such data can be used to initiate a new revenue stream and to improve product design as well.

Say NO to casualties

In the case of a calamity, miners are taught to escape from the mine first with handy self-rescue equipment and enter a refuge alternative when escaping is cut off. Refuge alternatives are designed to provide 96 hours of breathable air, food and water for underground staff. Although refuge alternatives are only planned for use in post-accident occurrences, so their functionality should be checked periodically to ensure that they are working as intended in an emergency. In addition, a system should be in place to signal the surface instantly when a refuge alternative is triggered after a calamity. One way to monitor a refuge alternative's feasibility status from the ground is to attach sensors, such as a magnetic switch sensor, air quality and temperature sensors to the door of a refuge alternative. These sensors detect the occupancy status, air quality and temperature to ensure that a refuge alternative always stays safe.

To sum up, whether you need to cut expenses, lessen downtime, increase productivity or reduce environmental footprint – an IoT-based system is the right choice.

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