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Facebook has finally discovered plans for a cryptocurrency referred to as Libra, one in all the worst-kept secrets within the history of virtual cash.

On June 18, The Biggest Social media Facebook has released its long-awaited white paper for cryptocurrency and blockchain-based financial infrastructure projects.

Libra, the new cryptocurrency will launch soon in next year and will be known as a stablecoin-Called Libra, the new currency will launch as soon as next year and be what’s known as a stablecoin — a digital currency that is supported by established government-backed currencies and securities. The objective is to avoid fluctuation in values. Libra will be used on facebook owns apps like Whatsapp, Messenger, and other standalone apps. This new digital currency will be linked to a basket of other top currencies like the US dollar and euro and as compared to other currency it will be cheaper and easier to transmit money. As per the latest news the currency plan to launch the Libra In the first half of the next year.

As of now, almost every single person is having a mobile phone but not everyone is having a bank account and the mission of Libra is to create a simple global financial infrastructure to empower billions of people around the world.

Marcus, who runs Facebook Messenger aid Facebook plans to create a replacement digital wallet that will exist within Messenger and its different standalone electronic messaging service, WhatsApp. Once Libra is up and running, the currency and also the digital wallet ought to create it easier for individuals to send cash to friends, family, and businesses through the apps.

If Libra is successful-Libra can make Facebook the biggest player in financial services.- Presently, Including Facebook and its family apps like Instagram and WhatsApp, there are 2.7 billion users and Libra could bring billions of peoples in the digital financial system allowing them to bounce costly banking infrastructure and avoid smaller, volatile currencies.

Facebook made the Libra the Nonprofit association and will be governed by a not-for-profit, Switzerland-based consortium — the “Libra Association” with its other 27 partners and its developers. This partnership involves nonprofit organizations, crypto firms, venture capital firms, telecommunication and technology and payment service providers like Mastercard, PayPal, PayU, stripe and Visa eBay, farfetch, Lyft, Spotify, Uber, Kiva, Mercy Corps and Women’s world banking, Anchorage, Coinbase, Xapo, and Bison Trails.

The total variety of Libra will amendment, and new digital coins will be issued whenever somebody desires to exchange their Libra for an existing fiat currency that the value shouldn’t fluctuate to any extent further than alternative stable currencies, consistent with David Marcus, head of the Facebook blockchain team that’s spearheading the project.

Libra is built in blockchain technology which is decentralized-means it will run by many different organizations instead of just one. It available for those having an active internet connection and has low fees and cost and it is secure by cryptography which helps keep your money safe.

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For those who do not know this famous Goya´s painting: 'Saturn Devouring a Son', it belongs to the series of Black Paintings of the artist. It's the best comparison I can make after returning from the TechXLR8   --- IoT World Europe Summit in London.

In the painting we see the god Cronos, who immutable governs the course of time, devouring a son. The act of eating your child has been seen, from the point of view of psychoanalysis as a figuration of impotence.

Saturn is the Artificial Intelligence (aka AI) and his impotent son is the Internet of Things (IoT). There are other brothers waiting their turn to be devoured by this hungry father. Soon it will be the Augmented Reality / Virtual Reality (AR/VR), the Blockchain and Digital Twins. Not even the 5G will be spared. 

If you are still waiting for the IoT boom, this event is confirmation that the IoT is badly wounded at least in Europe. The few IoT companies that exhibited their products and services at Excel London showed nothing that could overshadow the big winner, the ubiquitous father AI. Although the Augmented Reality / Virtual Reality (AR/VR) does present itself a great rival for the other brothers.

Every time I find it more difficult to justify coming to these events. Neither being a speaker or moderator has allowed me to win a project. I keep doing it to maintain my influence and keep informed my followers on social networks, but I already tell you that physical and economic effort is not justifiable.

The organization this year has sought speakers that mix vendors presentations with success stories of clients. But this year neither of them was able to raise this event.

The few large IT firms present such as Microsoft, SAP or Oracle are on the side of the father "AI" although they show demos IoT many times repeated.

The discussions of the first years of the IoT boom revolved around connectivity, security, IoT platforms, even business models. Now, nobody is interested in these matters anymore. I am sorry for my many friends and myself advising in these areas, but all the fish has sold in West Europe.

Nor have the great integrators been present here. Those who should have implemented IoT solutions for years but never risked investing and continue to squeeze clients with digitalization projects, cloud migration projects, products updates and customized developments. I believe most of them have done a disservice to the acceleration of the IoT.

There was no great IoT news during the event. Perhaps the most important announcement was given by Marc Overton who took advantage of his presentation to announce the recent collaboration agreement between Sierra Wireless and Microsoft to claim industry’s first full-stack IoT offerings. Something that happened far away from here.

As for my sessions, they mixed IoT and Blockchain, something that would have guaranteed success for attendees two years ago or last year but that did not arouse great enthusiasm this year. It is evident that they are becoming a commodity. Something that is not bad, since we would stop speculating about possible use cases and we could be using transparent in our lives and businesses.

Do not worry, the life of IoT events continues, and so this week there are three more:

I believe that Organizers and exhibitors need to try to reinvent the IoT events to make more attractive to visitors and generate qualified leads. We need to see an IoT event where IoT is present in every corner of the floor, in every stage, in every service (cafeteria, rest rooms, transportation, etc). We need to breath IoT every minute.

Otherwise the IoT events will continue driving away visitors and exhibitors and 'Saturn (AI) Devouring a Son (IoT).'

Thanks you all for follow me and read my articles.

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The range and depth of applications dependent on IoT sensors continues to swell – from collecting real-time data on the floors of smart factories, to monitoring supply chains, to enabling smart cities, to tracking our health and wellness behaviors. The networks utilizing IoT sensors are capable of providing critical insights into the innerworkings of vast systems, empowering engineers to take better informed actions and ultimately introduce far greater efficiency, safety, and performance into these ecosystems. 

One outsized example of this: IoT sensors can support predictive maintenance by detecting data anomalies that deviate from baseline behavior and that suggest potential mechanical failures – thus enabling an IoT-fueled organization to repair or replace components before issues become serious or downtime occurs. Because IoT sensors provide such a tremendous amount of data pertaining to each particular piece of equipment when in good working condition, anomalies in that same data can clearly indicate issues.

Looking at this from a data science perspective, anomalies are rare events which cannot be classified using currently available data examples; anomalies can also come from cybersecurity threats, or fraudulent transactions. It is therefore vital to the integrity of IoT systems to have solutions in place for detecting these anomalies and taking preventative action. Anomaly detection systems require a technology stack that folds in solutions for machine learning, statistical analysis, algorithm optimization, and data-layer technologies that can ingest, process, analyze, disseminate, and store streaming data from myriad IoT sources.

But that said, actually creating an IoT anomaly detection system remains especially challenging given the large-scale nature inherent to IoT environments, where millions or even billions of data events occur daily. To be successful, the data-layer technologies supporting an IoT anomaly detection system must be capable of meeting the scalability, computational, and performance needs fundamental to a successful IoT deployment.

I don’t work for a company that sells anomaly detection, but I – along with colleagues on our engineering team – recently created an experimental anomaly detection solution to see if it could stand up to the specific needs of large-scale IoT environments using pure open source data-layer technologies (in their 100% open source form). The testing utilized Apache Kafka and Apache Cassandra to produce an architecture capable of delivering the features required for IoT anomaly detection technology from the perspectives of scalability, performance, and realistic cost effectiveness. In addition to matching up against these attributes, Kafka and Cassandra are highly compatible and complementary technologies that lend themselves to being used in tandem. Not fully knowing what to expect, we went to work.

In our experiment, Kafka, Cassandra, and our anomaly detection application are combined in a Lambda architecture, with Kafka and our streaming data pipeline serving as the speed layer, and Cassandra acting as the batch and serving layer. (See full details on GitHub, here.) Kafka enables rapid and scalable ingestion of streaming data, while leveraging a “store and forward” technique that acts as a buffer for ensuring that Cassandra is not overwhelmed when data surges spike. At the same time, Cassandra provides a linearly scalable, write-optimized database well-suited to storing the high-velocity streaming data produced by IoT environments. The experiment also leveraged Kubernetes on AWS EKS, to provide automation for the experimental application’s provisioning, deployment, and scaling. 

We progressed through the development of our anomaly detection application test using an incremental approach, continually optimizing capabilities, monitoring, debugging, refining, and so on. Then we tested scale: 19 billion real-time events per day were processed, enough to satisfy the requirements of most any IoT use case out there. Achieving this result meant scaling out the application from three to 48 Cassandra nodes, while utilizing 574 CPU cores across Cassandra, Kafka, and Kubernetes clusters. It also included maintaining a peak 2.3 million writes per second into Kafka, for a sustainable 220,000 anomaly checks per second.

In completing this experiment, we’ve demonstrated a method that IoT-centric organizations can use for themselves in building a highly scalable, performant, and affordable anomaly detection application for IoT use cases, fueled by leveraging the unique advantages offered by pure open source Apache Kafka and Cassandra at the all-important data layer.

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Drivers are the backbone of the trucking industry and driver retention is one of the biggest concerns. Are you facing issues like driver shortage or driver retention? Advanced technology offers various solutions to transportation industry for such issues. Real-time monitoring, time-saving in shifts, better communication of drivers with managers, etc. simplify the work of drivers. Job dissatisfaction and operational inefficiencies are the major reasons why drivers leave the job. But this can be reduced, let’s see how.

How to improve the job satisfaction of drivers?
Trucking industry relies on the drivers for navigating through complex routes to transport sensitive goods safely and on time. It is a hectic job already and hence it is necessary that the drivers are satisfied with their job. Or else they will leave the job which hampers the business profits. What efforts can be taken for retention of drivers?

Simplifying the Driver’s Work using Technology
Drivers are constantly on the road. Traffic, bad weather conditions, etc. can be very irritating to them. However, using GPS systems, such conditions can be tracked proactively. The drivers can be directed to other routes which are having less traffic or some shifts can be canceled if the routes show bad weathers ahead. The drivers will not be annoyed by waiting for long hours and instead can take rest if the shifts are canceled due to bad weathers.

Automation and digitalization save time and efforts of the drivers. There are mobile apps which keep track of the load on the trucks. It saves the drivers of manual checking of load and also sends messages to the owners about the load. Also, in case of any theft or adding illegal loads to the truck, the owners can get instant messages right on their smartphones.

One such eminent example is the mobile app- Appweigh. It uses Bluetooth-enabled weight sensor to keep the track of the load on your truck. It is a budget-friendly app which combines the sensor and Bluetooth technology. Throughout the shipment of the trucks, the sensors detect the pressure on the tyres and clearly display the weight through AppWeigh on the smartphone of owners or fleet managers. The drivers don’t need to keep manual watch on the weight when the load reaches a certain destination. It is automatically sent to the owners.

Using IoT in Transportation for Better Communication and Time Management
Open communication with the drivers not only ensures transparency but also makes the drivers feel like true partners in the business. It encourages and engages them. Internet of things or IoT in transportation industry is playing a crucial role in connecting technology with people for more accurate results. It connects tools like sensors, RFID systems, GPS systems, smartphones, etc. to each other to gather vital data and communicate it to drivers and owners. Using this data, they can make informed decisions for improving various processes in fleet management. With such transparency, manual errors by drivers can be avoided and small issues can be discussed proactively before they turn into bigger problems.

Technology saves the drivers from keeping manual records of loads, timings, etc. as everything is automatically recorded. It reduces the stress of the drivers and ensures loyalty to the owners.

Making the Driver Health a Priority
Drivers’ health is the most critical topic when it comes to driver retention. A trucking industry can offer health benefits like health insurance plans, nutrition programs, free health screenings, etc. to drivers. Such benefits are an investment in your drivers. Also, the incorporation of smart cameras can reduce the risks of accidents. When the drivers feel safe and cared for their lives, your company reputation improves. They themselves will ask other drivers to join your company.

Giving Performance Incentives and Engaging Drivers
When drivers are appreciated and rewarded for their good work, it inspires them to do better and also be stable with your trucking industry. Financial incentive systems can be used to reward the most productive and safest drivers. Technology can be used to evaluate the drivers’ performance fairly. Real-time coaching and user-friendly solutions to any issues will help the drivers to progress faster and feel supported. The drivers who work hard to improve their performance can be awarded with the performance incentives. This will also encourage and engage fellow drivers. 

 

Conclusion
Smart technologies are providing highly efficient solutions to transportation industry. Along with driver retention, these technologies help in real-time visibility of the processes, maintaining the vehicle health, improving warehouse and yard management, etc. which enormously boost the business profits. IoT in transportation industry provides robust security services to drivers as well as the freight. Reliable data that owners get from smart technical solutions lets them take the right decisions to maintain their workforce. It enhances driver satisfaction and retention rates.

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Change is inevitable. People repeatedly ask me, “What is going to change in real estate business in upcoming years?” I believe that the widespread escalation of artificial intelligence, big data, and predictive analysis provides more vivid information about a location’s future challenges and opportunities. Currently, there is a staggering amount of user-generated content for land records in the form of paper files, scanned PDFs, and more. According to Forbes, Big Data adoption in enterprises reached 59% in 2018 with a CAGR of 36%.

Though the telecommunication, health care, and investment industries were among the firsts to invest in alternative data, the real estate market is now becoming more transparent using big data. It helps the buyers to get the practical knowledge about the location like past market trends, nearby places, future possible changes in the area, and more, which reduces the investment risks.

What changed in real estate with big data?
Whether it is about designing an office or home that suits the requirements of the tenant, analyzing the damage to a property after a storm, or providing history and future growth of a particular location to the prospective buyer, big data is thoroughly transforming these essential tasks of real estate industry.
Big data has opened both the quantity and quality of the available data in the property business.

National Association of REALTORS® Research Group published a real estate report of 2018, in which they noted below statistics:
• 22% of buyers read newspaper ads to search a home in 1981, while in 2018, 44% of total buyers did an online search first.
• A typical buyer used the website or mobile app to look at property photos, nearby locations, and related information while searching for the properties.
• 76% of all buyers found home on their mobile devices.

Revolution in the real estate field using big data
The concept of using data brought the revolution in terms of providing real-time traffic status, proximity trackers, places for late night activities like parks, and a plethora of user reviews that abolishes the room for any confusion about the property. Big data works on facts and figures that empowers both buyer and seller for more secure deals.

Final evaluation: Big data analytics helps to remove human error while analyzing the property value by applying the latest demographic, economic, and geographical insights. The use of big data with machine learning creates an automated evaluation model as an alternative to traditional real estate appraisals to let the buyer and seller aware of their decisions.

Finer property trading: A data-driven approach helps to make better decisions for buying and selling lands & buildings. Builders can create a healthier plan for residential or industrial units. Big Data incorporation provides relief to the inexperienced sellers and buyers who are at the initial stages of property dealing.
Finance transformation: The potential investors can make better financial decisions with the help of fetched data from public and private sources. The buyer can quickly analyze the physical structure condition, the last renovation details, the reliability of the owner, and the price-worth set for the property. Moreover, the digitization reduces the paperwork, which lowers the cost and helps in saving the environment.

Can big data become the future of the real estate industry?
Along with refining the business and trade decisions, big data analytics and its related technology help to improve the daily lifestyle of the buyers by providing the right information for the properties they are interested in. However, collecting enormous data and building accurate advanced analytics algorithms is a time consuming and arduous task. Even a top-rated real estate website development company faces the challenge to capture the data value from various industry segments to create advanced analytics that establishes straightforward processes for data governance, interpretation and then helps make effective data-driven decisions.

However, the future of the real estate industry with big data is pretty promising for both sellers and buyers. It will undoubtedly lower the obstructions that come along in the way of searching and selling a property and make the finding of the right place for living or working much faster.

Expanding the geographical information system through location intelligence, using IOT (Internet of Things) to connect and exchange data, and mapping air quality through integrated air quality sensor devices are the next big things in real estate business. The integration of big data is not meant to replace human behavior truly; instead, it helps to make better decisions using realistic data points with subjective inputs from the human.

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The recent advent of additive manufacturing for printed electronics, for example, has made engineering and design labs game-changing R&D enablers. Engineers will soon find themselves able to quickly, accurately and cost-effectively design and build functional electronics in new shapes with added functionality without having to wait weeks or months to understand whether their smart device works or not. The greater design freedom, compressed project timelines and fully in-house workflows afforded by 3D printing are setting the stage for the long-awaited IoT revolution. These advantages ultimately increase product and cost efficiencies and reduce time to market, meaning consumer can enjoy the benefits of these products faster than ever before.
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Mobile applications are getting popular among the businesses and customers alike by each day. The reason behind the growth of mobile application lies in the usability it offers on smart devices. With the invention of smartphones and the introduction to the internet, everything has become accessible on the fingertips and mobile applications play a major role in doing so.

As there millions and billions of application available on the global platform and new ones are being launched every day, it has started facilitating more ease of use as it supports every single requirement of the users. Starting from ordering food and buying clothes to facilitating handymen services on your demands, the applications are taking over the global market and hence are becoming the center of attraction. As the technology keeps on introducing newer concepts to facilitate better usability with passing time, Internet of Things (IoT) has gained the attention of many and is facilitating the things that were once only to be imagined.

Internet of Things (IoT) basically revolves around automating the general tasks done by the machines and getting them controlled from the devices located far away or nearby from the machines by getting them connected all together. It has facilitated the automatic home safety systems which were once imagined by the people that a single press of a button can control the entire house and the things in it which have been successfully facilitated by the IoT now. 

Role of Mobile Applications

However, the question arises as to how mobile applications are related to IoT and its applications. A mobile application can work as a remote on the users' devices and allow them to control the things. Yes, as in IoT we are considered about controlling the machines and their behaviors, the requirement of building software rises as the software can control the machines by instructing them in their understandable language which is of 0's and 1's. (Binary)

Hence, mobile applications play the role of an instructor which acts as per users' demands and allow them to control the machines efficiently. As time keeps on flying, there are many new inventions being introduced in the market which are based on the concept of the Internet of Things (IoT) and support and enhance the user experience by facilitating the needs of users answered through providing the control over things. 

IoT Helps in Reducing Development Time

Not only mobile applications help IoT but also, the favor is returned equivalently from the Internet of Things. With the newer concepts and their implementations in the digital market, the mobile app development company is being supported by IoT as it can automate the application development process. Yes, it reduces pretty much time taken after developing a single application and allows the developers to develop more applications and work on updating existing ones. Supporting the development of mobile applications, IoT has increased the chances of getting an application developed more efficiently in less time and working excellently to deliver the better user experience. 

Expanding the Limits

Having the mobile application to control the devices using IoT, it expands the limits and scope of IoT itself and mobile applications also and helps in serving the users better. With a single IoT interface available to control many devices, it helps in providing multiple facilities all in a single screen. This leads to encouragement to the concepts of smart cities, smart homes, and smart grids and many more.

Therefore, the applications here are extended to serve the users better by providing an interface to facilitate the control over each device connected with the smartphones and enhance the experience through the applications. Making the devices connected to the smartphones with the help of wi-fi, Bluetooth or any other wireless network source is what these applications primarily perform and allow the application to control those devices being connected and coded to follow the instructions built in the application. 

Notifications

As smartphones are connected with the devices being controlled, the applications used for controlling the devices and supporting IoT can send push notifications to the users to notify on the status of the connected devices and also alarm if an emergency situation comes. Therefore, the notifications can be sent to the users anytime and they are notified with the status and important information through the application.

Internet of Things has been expanding its reach to many users with the introduction of smart devices like fitness bands and it also indicates that the users out there are keeping the smart devices more and more near to them and hence want the notifications to reach them as soon as possible and even when they are away from the actual device being controlled. IoT has surely taken over the global market by connecting the devices and continuously keeping the users updated.

IoT Does Require Sensors

IoT enabled devices uses the sensors to sense the change in atmosphere around them and use it to perform a certain action or notify the users through the application. The sensors being used here are of the smartphones or the devices being used and are controlled by the application or software developed as an IoT interface. Hence, applications play a pivotal role in IoT as it enhances and redefines the control over things and allows easier handling.

Hence, mobile applications have played a major role in enabling better control through IoT as the users can get access to IoT enabled devices with simple connectivity and an application from anywhere. Owing to mobile applications, IoT has also contributed its best to automate the process of development. However, there are certain concerns over IoT that still remain unanswered.

As the applications have gained control over things and are continuously collecting and making use of the data, there poses a high risk of a data breach through the network as the devices are connected with each other wirelessly. The privacy and security of users' data are the primary concerns here when a mobile application takes part in the picture. Therefore, implementing the required strategies and encryption techniques to protect the data of users becomes important. As IoT technology is still evolving there is hope to find answers to all the questions related to the security of the data in the near future.

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The Internet of Things is a beautiful phenomenon, enabling things one would have never thought to be possible until only a decade ago. Now, we have the convenience to turn on home appliances with our mobile phone before you even enter your home. Alternatively, perhaps you use it to turn on your car's ignition and air conditioning a few minutes before you exit your house and leave for work. It is truly extraordinary -- the Internet of Things. Thankfully, the scope of its use isn't limited to the examples we have listed; when used in combination with other solutions, like Drupal, there is no limit of how much your business stands to benefit.

Drupal offers a superb content management framework, which, when brought together with the Internet of Things, can prove to be an exceptionally effective means of establishing and enabling a seamless workflow across the entire business. Among a vast number of things, Drupal can be used as a back-end for the connected things in IoT. Furthermore, its API system enables several interfaces to be connected to it. So, you see why the coming together of Drupal and IoT is highly recommended? Nonetheless, let's walk you through some more reasons why you can't ignore this potent combo.

1. Efficiency: A business that isn't efficient is bound to struggle. However, that can be dealt with IoT devices, with features such as GPS, that are capable of not only collecting and analyzing data but also sharing it, sending the critical data wherever it is needed. Now, a Drupal website can be used to receive it and then set off or prompt specific actions aimed at facilitating significantly better performance.

2. Improved customer service: The ultimate success of the service team is when it delivers better customer experiences, ones that give them exactly what they need, it is imperative to understand them better. It again can be done by leveraging connected devices to gather data and then route it to a Drupal-based mobile or web apps to collate and glean insights. An excellent example of this in action is the Amazon Dash Button, which allows users to order their preferred products with just one click/tap.

3. Ability to function remotely: Sometimes, a business may require project(s) to be monitored remotely Or perhaps there's an equipment that needs to be powered on or off albeit remotely. No points for guessing who can help. Yes, IoT and Drupal. Devices connected to the internet, together with a Drupal website or app, stand to enable a vast variety of functions, such as the ones mentioned above and so much more.

The idea of using Drupal in combination with the Internet of Things is still, admittedly, relatively new. However, the fact that the market has only recently started exploring the applications of this combo doesn't mean there is a dearth of scope. So, as you can see from the above discussion, there’s no telling what your business can achieve with it. Our advice? Find yourself a reputed Drupal company ASAP and get started on leveraging it for the benefit of your business right away!

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Considering that the IoT is in its infancy and due to the last years wasted in predictions that have not been fulfilled, in disappointing statistics of successful projects and with most companies without clear strategies, it is normal to think that R & D is today so necessary for boost and accelerate this increasingly sceptical market.

R&D should be an essential part of bringing innovation to any company via IoT projects. And though we can all agree how important R&D is, it requires a great deal of experience, senior experts, and specific toolsets—resources that not every company can say they have handy.

However, there is a risk when deriving the strategic decisions that the executive directors consider to be technological towards the R & D departments. Many times, oblivious to the reality of the markets, those responsible for R & D with the invaluable aid of the subsidies of the different Administrations, they launch to develop products and technologies for problems that do not exist, just for the fact of obtaining recognition or to continue living without pressures of the Top Management. I am enemy of granted subsidies granted most of the time by unqualified Administration organisms that does not understand that need to prevail the utility, the business model, the business case and the commercialization over the innovation that R & D said to be developed.

Now, if we ask the sellers of IoT technology, products and services, they may not be so happy with the idea of having to talk with the R & D areas instead of with other areas of the company more likely to buy. Most time, R &D departments decide to do it themselves. Vendors know, that with great probability, they will not to close deals due to lack of budget of the R &D or the low visibility of this area by the rest of the departments of the company.

The Importance of R&D for the Internet of Things

Innovation in IoT is a major competitive differentiator. See below some advices to have a decisive advantage over competitors:

  • IoT-focused companies need to invest in R&D to keep up with the rapidly changing and expanding market. It is important that an organization’s R&D iteration turn times are quick, otherwise the company is not going to be able to keep pace with the expected IoT market growth. However, it’s not enough to simply speed up R&D—innovative IoT firms, both start-ups and established companies, must also make sure their R&D processes are extremely reliable.
  • You can’t solve R&D speed issues just by increasing budget.
  • Executives must maintain strong, steady communication with R&D regarding the department’s priorities over a particular time frame and how progress will be measured.
  • Guidelines are invaluable: The more structured and streamlined R&D procedures are, the better IoT companies will be able to move from conception to delivery.
  • Design innovative IoT products but accelerate time to market.
  • Internal collaboration: R&D team should share real-time data across internal departments to spur intelligent product design
  • External collaboration: Connect with customers and partners to ensure success
  • Differentiation: Drive overall business value with IoT.

 

 

Outsource or not Outsource R & D for your IoT project

Just like any other technology, IoT products and solutions require thorough research and development, and it better be done by professionals. Despite the noise generated by analysts and companies around the IoT, the reality is that there have not been many IoT projects and therefore it is not easy to find good professionals with proven experience in IoT to hire.

When I think of Outsourcing IoT projects, Eastern European and Indian companies immediately come to my mind. No doubt because the R & D talent seems to be cheaper there. Spain could also be a country to outsource IoT, but at the moment I do not see it.

The benefits of Outsourcing R&D for IoT Projects:

  • Expertise and an Eye for Innovation
  • Bring an IoT Project to Market Faster
  • Optimize Your Costs
  • Control and Manage Risks

I am not sure about the quality of most of these companies or the experience of their teams in the development of IoT products or in the implementation of IoT projects, but there is no doubt that there are benefits to Outsource R & D for some IoT Projects. You should select any of these companies after a careful evaluation.

Recommendation: Do not stop your IoT projects if you do not have the skills and professionals in house. Luckily, there are companies who offer outsourcing R&D for IoT projects.

Note: Remember I can help you to identify and qualify the most suitable Outsource R&D for your IoT project.

Spain is not different in R & D for IoT

I have not believed in R & D in Spain for years. There are exceptions without a doubt, but it seems evident that the prosperity and welfare of Spain is not due to our R & D. Fortunately we have sun and beach and a lot of brick to put in houses that are not sold because of high prices and low wages.

With the entry into the EU, I thought that we had great markets open to us. I was also optimistic that we would have great opportunities in the Latin American market, thanks to the fact that our research and development capacity would have been consolidated effectively in our companies and universities because it would be profitable and worldwide recognized.

But it has not been that way. The technology developed in Spain and more specifically that relating to the IoT has little chance of being commercialized in France, Germany and not to mention in the UK. If we add the development gap of the countries of South America and that our local market is averse to technological risk, it is difficult to flourish R & D in IoT or Industry 4.0 here in our lovely Spain.

That does not mean that we do not have public R & D budgets for these areas. What happens is that the same thing that happened during the last 30 years has happened. The incentives and aids are few and for the most part used to finance large companies with little return to society. There is no rigorous control of the aid granted and, above all, there is no plan to encourage the local and global marketing of the products developed with the talent of our scientists and researchers.

I have stopped believing and trusting in our successive Governments for the change in R & D but there are exceptions that are worthwhile to follow and work with them. For this reason, I continue help them demonstrate that “SPAIN CAN BE DIFFERENT”.

Key Takeaway

After years of unfulfilled expectations, companies are sceptical of the potential growth of the IoT market or the benefits in their business. R&D department can be a cure to boost IoT initiatives but also a poison to kill IoT initiatives.

 

IoT may have started in R&D, but their benefits don’t have to end there. To drive overall business value, it’s important to share IoT data – both internally and externally. Facilitating open collaboration, discovering new ways to innovate products, and accelerating time to market, you can differentiate R&D and your business.

As fast turn times and reliability becomes a focal part of companies’ R&D processes, these companies will be well-positioned to thrive within the IoT market.

Thanks for your Likes and Comments

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IoT in Secondary Education

Elements of IoT are being shared with secondary students in classrooms all around the world.  My contribution to this educational arena has been toward the design and implementation of IoT curriculum.  My first attempt at such a curriculum was in partnership with a technology camp company called Young Hacks Academy for which I designed their IoT curriculum.  You can see a presentation of the core curriculum here.

I recently revisted the YHA IoT curriculum I developed and am ready for a complete rewrite.  I encourage potential collaborators in the IoT space to reach out to me if interested.  My first effort towards rewriting some of my IoT curriculum is to integrate my CS1 Game Engine, for multiplayer progressive web applications, with IoT components.  At this point I have only written a very basic example which can be seen in the tech demo for the CS1 Game Engine.  I have made a Glitch project for the CS1 Game Engine here.  You can log into the CS1 Game Engine tech demo with username computer or science, both with password 1234.

Please reach out to me if you are interested in raising the bar for IoT in secondary education.

 

Sincerely,

Eric Eisaman

LinkedIn

 

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There is no doubt about the capability of IoT the way it is spearheading in the smart technology market by providing innovative solutions to various industries.


Advanced industries, smart vehicles, smarter cities, smart home and more have already under the influence of the IoT touch. However, IoT in farming is the new trend that has geared up for a while. And why not?

Do you know the global population is growing at a rapid speed. It is about to touch 9.6 billion by 2050. And to feed this much of the population there has to be an innovative way to compensate this need. IoT comes as a silver bullet solution for it.

The way IoT is helping out farmers and farm owners is commanding. The upcoming years are expecting more inventions in farming by different IoT applications.

This article explains the different ways of smart farming and effective applications of IoT in smart farming.

Precision Farming

To make the Farming practice more productive and accurate precision agriculture (also known as precision farming) is used.

Basically, this is done through installing or using some sensors, smart devices, robots, drones, autonomous vehicles, and so on. By doing so farming can be made so systematic and well maintained thereby raising livestock and growing crops in a smart way.

The adoption of access to high-speed internet, low-cost satellites, mobile devices by the manufactures are few mostly used agriculture IoT technologies.

Numerous organizations are leveraging this technology on ultramodern agronomic solutions due to the popularity of precision agriculture.

The soil moisture probe technology is an amazing example of IoT in smart farming. It provides complete in-season local agronomy support, and recommendation to optimize water use efficiency.

Drones for Agriculture

Technology in farming is changing for a good and what better example would it be than Agriculture Drones. Today, agriculture is the leading industry to integrate drones for better results.

Agricultural drones are best to monitor crop, crop health assessment, irrigation, crop spraying, planting , and soil and field analysis.

The prime benefits of using drones in agriculture are health imaging, GIS mapping, saves time, increase crop yields.

Precision Hawk is a company that uses drones for collecting valuable information via a series of sensors. Mostly these sensors are used for imaging, mapping, and surveying of agricultural land.

Drones are used to do in-flight monitoring and observations. The farmers can easily access by entering details of the field they want to survey and select the altitude or ground resolutions.

From the information of the drone, we can draw insights regarding the plant’s health indices, plan counting and yield prediction, and plant measurement. We pressure mapping, drainage mapping, nitrogen content, scouting report and so on.

Livestock Monitoring

Wireless IoT applications are used by the large farm owners to gather the data regarding the location, well-being, and health of their cattle.
This data helps them in identifying sick animals to separate them from the herd thereby preventing the spread of disease. It also lowers the cost off labors as it locates their cattle with the IoT based sensors.

There is a company called JMB North America which offers cow monitoring solution to cattle producers. One solutions let owners of the production company to monitor if the cow is pregnant or not.

Smart Greenhouse

Greenhouse farming is a method which helps in enhancing the yield of fruits, veggies, and crops. Greenhouses control regulate the environmental parameters through manual intervention results in production loss, energy loss, and labor cost. These methods are less effective.

With IoT, you can build a smart greenhouse which will monitor as well as controls the climate reducing the need for manual intervention.

Different sensors that measure environmental parameters according to plant are used for controlling the environment in the smart greenhouse. Additionally, we can create a cloud server for remote access when it is connected using IoT.

The sensors used in IoT provide data on the light levels, pressure, humidity, and temperature. It can control the actuators to open a window, turn on/off lights, controlling a heater, all connected through a Wifi signal. 

Conclusion

Farmers and rancher are relieved to have an IoT agricultural application making it possible to-gather meaning full information. Large landowners should understand the potential of the IoT market for agricultural.

If you are willing to integrate IoT in smart farming, you should approach for Leading IoT App Development Company and leverage the benefits of IoT.

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Picture Courtesy: Pixabay

 

Recently I have attended an IoT conference where three presentations caught my attention:

Presentation 1: Development of IoT. This presentation was held by an IoT expert representing a renowned IT company. He proudly spoke about pioneering IoT projects his company is working on:

(1) A smart house, equipped with sensors from sofa to the main gate, with a notification feature in case of any abnormal activities.

(2) A robot arm which performs a quality assurance test by detecting flaws in a manufactured part and communicating the error via sound or speech. The message delivered: These robots are being taught, by means of AI, to take over the human work. The presentation of these projects elicited a big round of applause as the audience just witnessed the future development of the digitally empowered products and AI. The whole enthusiasm turned into confusion as the second speaker came up with his presentation.

Presentation 2: Disruption of IoT. This presentation was held by a cybersecurity startup company, founded by a couple of ethical hackers, which highlighted the risks of minor security loopholes in almost all IoT applications. The speaker ended most of his statements with “this can ruin the end user or even lead to fatal consequences”. Examples he provided included hacking and manipulating a pace-maker, remote hijacking a plane, manipulating a smart house to cause a false alarm or open the doors, hacking the industrial IoT to manipulate the processes, copying bitcoins and so on.  For those who think that brownfield manufacturing is still an unknown world for hackers: The last 5 minutes of his time, he utilized hacking live into a legacy SCADA system. What the gentleman also stated is that the hackers are always a step ahead of what society thinks the latest development in the field of cybersecurity and that the hackers view each and every sensor as a potential “doorway” to the system sitting behind it.  His presentation left us all questioning the digitalization trend (or opening more doors to the hackers) and associated risks.

Presentation 3: Disruption by IoT. The speaker from a renowned MNC highlighted the upcoming manpower crisis. The creation and operation of IoT applications oftentimes demand a different set of skills. Companies are investing heavily in IoT projects and they are either hiring IT experts or outsourcing the complete development.  This comes at the cost of shutting down entire business units and laying off hundreds of employees. Big organizations term it as restructuring. But the story does not end here. Once the smart machines take over more human jobs, then there will be an era of huge job scarcity. What will the society do with workers (let’s say all with an average age of 50), whose work has been taken over by the sophisticated robots?

I guess I do not have to tell you how these three cases are interlinked. These three presentations gave the audience a good food for thought as everyone was talking about them in one or the other context. The discussion however revolved around one question which I would like to ask here as well:

How much of IoT is too much?

 

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Heavy equipment is mainly used extensively in industries such as construction, oil and gas, mining, forestry, energy, civil engineering, military engineering, transportation, and many others. Industrial heavy machines include construction equipment, wheel loaders, oilfield pieces, manufacturing equipment, earthmovers, hydraulic cranes, bulldozers, oversized trucks, forklifts, and more. Organizations rely on heavy machinery to speed up production and to avoid human errors or health risks.

With developments in IoT, it is possible to decrease equipment downtime while improving the efficiency of the output. Companies that supply industrial machinery and components are seeing strong interest in connected machinery and components which providing many IoT consulting Companies. IoT-powered asset management solutions offer a host of benefits, including predictive maintenance to prevent equipment failure, increased asset reliability, improved asset health, accident avoidance in the workplace, and downtime reduction.

Smart Asset Monitoring with IoT

Safety of personnel and assets, theft or pilferage of assets, accidents and resulting injuries, and bottlenecks in the supply chain are some of the common challenges that are prevalent in asset-intensive industries like manufacturing, utilities, construction. By improving visibility into day-to-day operations, replacing legacy systems with an integrated solution and automating manual processes, many of these challenges can be overcome. 

Digitalization, combining connected devices with IoT-based solutions, can help to overcome these issues. End-to-end clarity on the status of the equipment enables improved decision-making, increases asset reliability, and also improves the people and process efficiency. With the advances in technology, mature organizations have heavy machinery that is computerized, automated and enabled with connectivity and big data analytics, which increases the efficiency of the overall product development process.

Use cases: IoT in heavy machinery management

Let’s take a look at some of the use cases where IoT is transforming the way heavy equipment and related assets are managed.

Smart heavy equipment in warehouse management

Material handling equipment like trucks, forklifts, pallet trucks, and pump trucks are very important for any warehouse to perform daily activities such as loading, unloading, transporting goods to different areas, and picking goods from risky areas. Needless to say, these machines and their operators need to be managed properly to minimize the chances of accidents. Warehouse operators need to take preventive measures for vehicle accidents and injuries that occur while from shifting material, and take proper care while handling hazardous materials.

Today, futuristic warehouses are using driverless robotic equipment to assist in picking and moving operations. Guidance systems like global positioning system (GPS), lasers, and radio-frequency identification (RFID) are used in such warehouses and equipment.

For example, advanced driverless pallet trucks and forklifts are equipped with audible warnings and lights and have built-in sensors to detect obstructions. These sensors come with lasers or camera systems, which are positioned to detect objects and activity from the floor and are able to determine the height and distance around all sides of vehicles and warehouse corners. This makes the equipment intelligent – it knows when to slow down and stop to avoid a collision.

With the recent advances in IoT for warehouse equipment, the market has a new breed of smart forklifts that come equipped with 360-degree detection forklift antenna, which is able to detect when the workers come into forklift zone. When a worker is detected within the predefined danger zone, audio and visual alarms are set off inside the forklift cab to alert the driver. This helps to reduce the risk of injuries and property damage.

Smart heavy equipment in the construction sector

According to a MarketandMarkets report, the heavy construction equipment market size is estimated to grow from USD 121.46 Billion in 2015 to USD 180.66 Billion by 2020, at a CAGR of 7.0%. Depending on the construction application, heavy machines are mainly categorized into four types:

  • Earth moving equipment
  • Construction vehicles
  • Material handling equipment
  • Construction equipment

Wireless technology has a huge impact on the construction industry to provide connectivity for heavy equipment. These machines use technology-enabled devices combined with cloud computing, allowing storage and sharing of data.

IoT is playing a key role in boosting productivity, improving preventive maintenance, minimizing downtime, and reducing repair costs. Sensors integrated with the equipment are able to detect and send automated alerts related to the status of the equipment systems and parts. They can also compile and analyze usage and maintenance data, helping with preventive and predictive maintenance.

 

One of the major problems in the construction industry are injuries caused due to accidents involving people and heavy equipment. As the number of heavy equipment continues to rise, the risk also increases. IoT can help to make the equipment smarter and safer.

Additionally, IoT can help to track assets as they move around the site, or to a different site, ensuring that the assets are never stolen or lost – an ongoing issue on large construction sites that causes delays and decreases productivity.

Smart heavy equipment in transport and logistics

Transportation and logistics businesses want to optimize the supply chain. Many transportation companies are already using mobile devices, such as barcode scanners, mobile computing devices, and radio frequency identification (RFID) to solve challenges related to the supply chain. With RFID, many companies are achieving a high level of shipping and receiving accuracy, inventory accuracy, and faster order processing, along with a reduction in labor costs.

However,  due to drivers’ careless behavior, while driving heavy trucks or conveyors, company owners have to shell out a big amount for accident-related injuries, material loss or shipping delays. By using advanced technology that is capable of monitoring driver’s behavior and delivering alerts in case of possible collisions, the risk of these issues can be minimized.

Computer vision-based techniques and ADAS solutions, with a number of onboard sensors, can help with lane detection, traffic signal detection, driver behavior detection, GPS tracking, fuel management, report generation, notification alert, and predictive maintenance.

Using such solutions, the driver receives support to detect and avoid accidents. It is also possible to monitor a driver operating a heavy machine and automatic alerts can be generated if the driver is sleepy or inactive for a long duration.

Another effective solution for tracking of heavy machines/vehicles is based on installing GPS fleet tracking devices on the vehicles to gain real-time data updates. This is an efficient and secure solution that helps to resolve issues related to operational inefficiencies, theft, and fleet maintenance, increasing the overall productivity of the machines and vehicles.

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When you have the responsibility of ensuring a manufacturing plant is operating at its full potential at all times, talk of “Industry 4.0” and “industrial automation like never before” might be exciting but far-fetched. Industry 4.0 is just an empty phrase used by marketers who want to take your money, right?

Maybe in some cases, but the ideas behind the buzzy terms can actually give you an edge over competitors. Industry 4.0 is not a phase, but it’s also not an obligation that you need to “opt in to” 100% right away.  Industrial automation is a combined result of our greater digital capacities, smarter machines, and improved cross-channel communication that have accompanied the digital age.

In 2019, the technology is here: from decentralized cloud systemsto self-correcting and self-directing machines. However, it’s not everywhere yet, and most plants are simply taking baby steps towards preparing their lines to be as compatible as possible to these new technologies so that they can gradually work their way in. Industry is slowly moving towards a more optimized, efficient, automated structure, but this transition will be happening in the industrial world over the next few decades.

What do those “baby steps” look like? Where should begin to optimize lines in the most cost-effective, long-term ROI benefits?  We have compiled a list of 5 relatively simple ways you can take this year to set your plant up for new “Industry 4.0” industrial automation technologies:

1. Integrate a Single Virtual Server

Managing the IT aspect of your plant is difficult when you need to find cost-effective storage and data processing solutions for your company that also comply with all of the regulations and contingencies of your industry. However, upgrading a server to a virtual option is probably the most important upgrade you can do to get started on the road to future industrial automation applications that use a truly decentralized communication with virtual operating system.

If your plant currently runs exclusively on physical servers, you don’t need to go virtually all at once. The wonderful thing about industry 4.0 is that much of the software integrations available will integrate with your existing hardware. You can invest in one virtual server, and then layer software integrations on to it over time.

By starting with a single server, you can cut costs, maintain a realistic learning/adaptation curve, and try out a virtual server option without committing 100% to a change. There are numerous virtual server options available, so talk to a process automation expert about what server will work best for your plant, and which server to upgrade first.

2. Get Basic Industrial Automation Security – Two-Factor Authentication

With increased adaptability and communication on virtual servers comes increased cyber threats, and unfortunately, there is no way around this. One of the easiest and fastest upgrades you can do for your company is to implement two-factor authentication (2FA) for all employees. A simple password is no longer anywhere near secure enough to protect your employees and your data.

Luckily, everything from Twitter to Cloud servers now offer 2FA options, it’s usually just a question of getting the settings implemented correctly and creating a protocol that requires every employee to use 2FA at all times. It may seem tedious or frustrating at first, but this is a small habit that can make a huge difference in your cyber security and overall functioning of your plant.

3. Make Your Next Machine Purchase a Smart Machine

You probably aren’t yet at the point of having a completely automated assembly line of smart machines that create highly customized orders while communicating with and correcting each other (like the assembly line in this German plant.) However, smart machines do exist, and if you are getting ready to purchase a new machine, finding one that has automation, optimization, and decentralized communication abilities will be a great investment in your plant’s future.

Customizable “smart machines” are virtually independent of a human operator. The ability of these machines to adapt to the demands of individualized production requirements allows for scalable, lean production processes. In other words, with these new machines, you can produce a larger variety of products faster than ever before.

If your current machines are working fine, there is no need to replace them with smart machines right away. But from this point forward, it is a good idea to consider buying a smart machine for your next upgrade. Don’t be afraid to use an automation integrator to advise you on the appropriate machine, technology, and compatibility with existing plant automation systems.

4. Implement Technology Upgrades that Overlay or Automatically Integrate Existing Plant Industrial Automation

Be choosy about the automation products you decide to implement into your current systems moving forward. You want applications that both set your systems up for future technology integrations and help move you away from expiring legacy applications.

This shouldn’t mean replacing all your old applications, programming, and platforms all at once other. Most Industry 4.0 automation tools are created in an “overlay” style, meaning they are created to be able to function on top of your existing processes and are not supposed to disrupt everything you have already built.

Embracing a new software or system should never mean that you have to throw away your existing processes and start from scratch. If this is how you feel when you are getting ready to purchase a new software, machine, or server then it probably isn’t the right product for your company.

Talking to an expert about what products will work best with your current setup is a good idea before making any changes to your industrial automation. At my company, EPIC systems, we've seen the difference that selecting the right product solutions has made for hundreds of process automation projects — it's a key step for any manufacturing plant. No matter who you work with, you don't want to bypass this step.

5. Optimize One of Your Plant’s Processes

Divide and conquer, as they say. Just as it is best to upgrade one server at a time, it is helpful to focus specifically on one plant process at a time when you are looking to optimize and automate your plant.

This could mean focusing on optimizing your shipping procedure or optimizing one assembly process. The important thing to remember is that as you do this “experimental optimization” you are not just looking for an impressive return on investment, you are also looking to get your entire team comfortable with the automation and ready to embrace even more. This is why the “how” is just as important (if not more important) than the “what” when it comes to choosing a process to optimize. Go slow, be transparent, and include everyone in the process so that it is a success all around.

Industry 4.0 is creating a world where employees can delegate mundane tasks to smart machines and rely on highly communicative, agile systems in order to work faster and more effectively than ever before. There is no reason for any manufacturing plant to be left behind in this industrial evolution, with numerous products and services available to help walk you through the industrial automation process gradually and intelligently.

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Guest post by Jason English, Principal Analyst, Intellyx

Surely you’ve caught some of the excitement about drones for enterprise use. Packages and communications delivered to the world by these ultimately mobile IoT fliers. Heavy VC investment in commercial and supply chain drone applications could drive this sector to be worth as much as $13 billion by 2020.

We all remember Amazon teasing a drone-delivery future in this now-famous ad from 5 years ago. But there’s no way the online retailer will corner this game. Expect drone delivery research to advance quickly at leading transportation firms like FedEx, UPS and DHL. Uber Eats might even have drones fly over some sushi for engineers too busy for lunch.

But could drones possibly become passé for widespread business use before they can even get out of the hangar?

Drones are the ultimate IoT play for enterprise

Of all the interesting ‘things’ in the commercial IoT continuum, from geo-location tags in trucks and packages, to remote cameras, factory robots, smart sensors and controls, power meters, wearables and medical devices, nothing captures our imagination quite like a drone.

In a sense, drones can let our productive work ‘slip the surly bonds of earth,’ with the ability to move anything, and see anything, almost anywhere in the world. It gives businesses a flock of birds to command, rather than the two-dimensional constraints of surface dwelling gadgets and robots.

Take the telecommunications industry. The ability to dispatch a maintenance drone to inspect and verify the equipment on a relay tower can save a human technician a risky and time-consuming day trip up the pole for a visual inspection, improving service efficiency while reducing insurance premiums.

In many cases, the drones are even replacing telco network infrastructure themselves, maintaining a tethered position to provide communication services or wi-fi coverage services to the ground below, especially in emergency outage conditions. Facebook killed its ambitious Aquila project to expand global internet access last year, but that isn’t stopping other regional and private drone network programs.

For oil and gas, or just about any industry that involves surveying or inspection, the value of drones with advanced cameras is self-evident. Real estate firms now commonly provide dramatic flyover footage of for-sale properties, for epic establishing shots, without the epic budget.

Big agriculture is getting in on the game, exploring inspecting, seeding and possibly even spraying or weeding large crop fields with unmanned farmer drones.

And of course, for logistics and delivery services, the needle is moving. A UPS pilot program employed drones atop trucks to more efficiently handle actual doorstep delivery of packages, potentially saving the cost of untold hours of truck drivers stopping and getting out of their brown van for each package.

No drone zone - Sedona AZAre drones a nuisance, or a security menace?

I recall swimming on the serene shores of Lake Kachess here in Washington a few years ago with family and friends, miles from civilization and its accompanying noises, when an electric-razor whirring sound broke the spell of nature. A hobbyist from another campsite was buzzing us.

The kids thought it was pretty cool, but I didn’t appreciate it. What if it runs out of batteries, or flies out of range of the controller while overhead?

As drones started dropping to consumer-friendly price points, I started seeing ‘No Drones Allowed’ signs in National Park sites like Sedona, Arizona, Crater Lake, Oregon, and at Snoqualmie Falls near my house (the site famous for the ‘Twin Peaks’ show exteriors). Certainly a few disruptive drone hobbyists caused such a response.

In entertainment, drones are often associated with less-than-desirable government uses of military and surveillance activity. Hollywood films often place spy drones in the employ of authoritarian antagonists and put killer drones under the joystick of covert operations teams.

With the miniaturization of electronics and ever-improving transmitter capabilities in a lightweight package, many drones have also proven easily hackable, and detailed specifications and software mods are readily available on the Dark Web for the mischievous.

Drones are also quite effective as mobile hacking platforms — in essence they are flying laptops after all. Drones can remotely sniff for network packets without a hacker needing to step onto the target’s corporate campus.

Not the best PR for this category of IoT devices.

Flying through FAA guidelines

Fortunately, the FAA has been closely regulating and tracking the use of drones (or UAS – ‘Unmanned Aircraft Systems’ as they call them) from the start, and have implemented measures such as a 5-mile ‘no fly zone’ for drones around sites such as airports, and requiring any operator of a drone more than 0.55 pounds (most of them) get a specific license to fly.

Clearer guidelines certainly help, and lead to more responsible use of the technology. For their part, the FAA says they don’t want to inhibit innovation and commercial use of UAS, and based on news in drone industry journals like InterDrone, the agency is partnering with business operators to consider input on guidelines for situations such as night flight and flying over people.

Who’s Taking Down Drones?

I didn’t know this before I started writing this story, but it is actually illegal to shoot down drones in the United States — even if they venture onto private property — as much as I would expect some sort of ‘Castle Law’ to allow it in this gun-lobby-controlled nation. Drones are afforded the protections due any other commercial aircraft under Federal law.

So, short of the shotgun approach, who is taking down drones today?

  • Regulators. Most democratic nations seem to be fast-tracking commercial use approvals, in order to encourage additional innovation in the space and stay up to speed with the rest of the world. That said, expect new rules and licensing guidelines to develop.
  • Hackers. Certainly the strongest threat to commercial use of drones lies in the ability for determined saboteurs to intercept or interrupt control of these devices, which are optimized for performance and range, rather than encryption and security.
  • Organized Labor. Remember that UPS drone pilot program? Well-organized workers took issue with having much of their work automated by drones. Companies will need to consider the human side of their existing business when implementing drone programs.
  • Eagles. Yes, Dutch law enforcement officials developed a program to use the actual birds of prey, not the classic rock band, to snatch suspicious drones right out of the sky and ground them. How cool is that?

The Intellyx Take

Setting all the fun toys, military stigma, and regulation uncertainty aside, I expect commercial drones to become rather commonplace in the next five years, working alongside us — or, above us.

As drone technology improves, production costs will come down, while better sensors, IoT cybersecurity measures, and even onboard AI will come into play to make them a safer and situationally aware part of the automated fabric of many companies.

They’ll never be right for every kind of work though. Drones will need to expand and enhance the abilities of our human workforce to maintain strong support in the enterprise. In the end, businesses will still need to perform an objective cost-benefit analysis to determine where drones are best fit for purpose.

Then, let ‘em fly. Just don’t tell Rambo the Drone-Killing Ram.

©2019 Intellyx LLC. Sharing or reprint of this work, edited for length with attribution is authorized, under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. At the time of this writing, none of the companies mentioned above are Intellyx customers. Image credits: No Drone Zone, Cococino National Forest; Drone, Witolt Wacshut; CC 2.0 license, Flickr.

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There is no overstatement in the saying that that Internet of Things (IoT) is reshaping business processes and workplaces in a never-before way. Connected devices are increasingly pushing the boundary of innovation for the enterprises and industries of all niches. Thanks to these connected devices and a huge upsurge of IOT mobile app development, consumers are being benefited most through frictionless user experience.

No wonder in the fact that the IoT software development is exploding with all possibilities and promises. Just like ever before, the market is brimming with a whole array of scalable, feature-rich, secure and user-optimized connected solutions that are transforming the way we interact with devices and use software solutions at the workplace.

In spite of such huge promise and possibilities, IOT software and app development faces some hefty and crucial challenges that developers of the present-day need to be aware of. Here we are going to explain some of these challenges in brief.

  • Operating System (OS) Considerations

The first technical challenge and pulling factor that IOT app development companies need to deal with is the consideration of the operating system of the devices. Since IOT devices have mostly shorter memory capacity and a single track operational capacity, developers need to approach the development challenges for such devices in a different way than with the desktop solutions. The developers need to pick an OS that perfectly fits the device capability and the objective of the application.

As of now, most of the IOT developers surveyed for their OS preferences have clearly chosen Linux. Linux according to most IOT developers, offers the perfect OS for IOT devices with a lot of memory constraints, microcontrollers, and IOT gateways.

  • Selecting the Gateways

The gateways in the IOT landscape plays the most critical role by connecting almost all the constituent elements ranging from connectivity protocols like Wi-Fi or Bluetooth, ports, IOT sensors, cloud systems, etc. Naturally, for the whole IOT ecosystem gateways really play the mission-critical role. 

When it comes to the choice of appropriate gateways for your IOT application, you have several well-known choices from renowned technology companies like Dell, Nexcom, Intel, etc. These gateway providers as if now are proved to be highly effective for end number of applications. Some of the key aspects that you need to consider in gateways include the particular specifications for the network, supporting development environment, power rating, memory capacity, etc.

  • Security & Privacy

One of the key aspects that IOT app developers should give utmost priority is the app security and privacy. The security here not just refers to the network security but practically security of every different component. As IOT devices penetrate the personal spaces of the users, they are often vulnerable to misuse and breaching of data security through cyber-attacks.

Maintaining optimum data security and safeguarding privacy are two aspects that always remained to be the contentious areas for the IOT app developers worldwide. Let us have a closer look at various security aspects of an IOT app.

  • Data Exchange Security: The data generated through an IOT app through the IoT sensors and devices pass through the gateway and is finally stored at the cloud server. To ensure optimum security to this data it is important to use encryption for safeguarding the data.
  • Physical Security: The IoT devices unlike other computing devices are normally used in private and remain unattended most of the times. This is why they remain vulnerable to a lot of security threats from hackers at the device level.
  • Cloud Storage Security: A cloud storage solution normally remains secure from threats and intrusions. Even then, the developers of the IOT apps need to make sure that the data in cloud storage remain safe and secure.
  • Privacy Updates: To protect the privacy of the user data processed and fetched by IoT devices, there need to be certain compliance rules. For instance, all fitness tracker devices collect user data on the basis of HIPAA guidelines. Such regulations and compliance standards basically safeguard the privacy of the user data.
  • Network Connectivity

The quintessential aspect of IOT app development is the fast and real-time data transmission between the device and the IOT gateway and the gateway to the cloud server. Poor connectivity will only render most of the critical app features to be ineffective. The connectivity issues and server breakdown still remain to be the major problems for too many IOT devices.

Actually, connectivity remains to be the first and foremost area of importance for connected devices that work hand in hand with gateways and cloud platforms. For meeting this challenge corresponding to connectivity with appropriate measures, the app design and device app environment play an important role. The connectivity solution should be considered as per the device constraints and capacities.

  • User-Optimized App Design

Another major focus area for IOT app development should be on the app design. The app design should be thoroughly intuitive and user-focused so that the users do not need to study manuals for using an IOT device. Even for industrial IOT devices, simple and clean design is extremely important to ensure faster decision making and visualization of the data. In this respect, close and mutually reciprocating cooperation between the developers and designers is a must for building IOT apps. Some of the key attributes that design inputs should ensure include the following.

  • Safe and secure user authentication
  • Frictionless transition across devices and applications
  • Personalized user experience based on user behavior and preferences
  • A consolidated IOT environment comprising all the elements in the pipeline.

 

  • Cross-Platform Deployment

Last but not least of all the major challenges that IOT app developers must deal with is deploying the app across multiple OS platforms. Since the IOT ecosystem comprises of a variety of device architectures, protocols, and operating systems, the app should be built to fit with all these variables for a seamless and efficient performance. This is why experts of international organizations such as the Engineering Task Force (IETF) and the Institute for Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) have already come up with explicit cross-platform development standards and architecture models to help smooth deployment across multiple OS platforms.

Conclusion

In spite of the overwhelming growth of the IOT applications and the ecosystem of connected devices, there is a multitude of challenges that the IOT app developers need to encounter regularly. By focusing on these challenges beforehand, they can at least take appropriate precautionary steps to ensure optimum quality and efficient output.

 

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In 2016 in my article “ The future of “The Internet of Olympic Games”, I considered Rio as the first Internet of Things (IoT) Olympic games. In Rio we could see how athletes, coaches, judges, fans, stadiums and cities benefited from IoT technology and IoT solutions and somehow changed the way we see and experience sports. Next year we will have opportunity to verify if my predictions for Tokyo 2020 will become a reality and we will name Tokyo as the first Artificial Intelligent (AI) Olympic Games.

During my presentation in Dubai, I explained the audience the incredible way IoT and AI technologies are impacting sports. I dedicated some time explaining how IoT and AI are playing an increasingly significant role in boosting talent, managing health and improving coaching and training. Today these technologies are already enabling athletes to improve performance, coaches to better prepare games, judges to fail less, fans enjoyed with new excited experiences. I also remarked the importance that teams clubs and cities collaborate to make the stadiums more secure and more exciting for fans.

I emphasized how we are creating smart things, the importance of use AI and IoT to make every thousandth of a second count for athletes and coaches and how AI and IoT are used to predict the future of a race, a match or a bet.

I introduced different examples how all sports are using IoT and AI, and of course I share my vision in 10-15 years from now. Can you imagine integrated virtual and real world for sports? Can you imagine mixed teams of robots and humans or super-humans playing new games?

I did not forget to talk about the challenges involved in building machine learning models in sports and the challenges that IoT and AI still have.

I used my speech to raise awareness to the attendants that there is also a dark side in these technologies. We cannot forget that Sport is also a business and therefore enterprises, Governments and individuals can make a wrong use of these technologies.

In summary, it was a great session in which I shared my point of view about:

  • How we want IoT and AI transform coaches, athletes, judges and fans.
  • How we want IoT and AI continue attracting people to the stadiums
  • How we want IoT and AI transform Sport Business.
  • How AI is changing the future of sport betting?

How we want IoT and AI transform athletes, coaches, judges and fans?

Athletes

While the true essence of sport still lies in the talent and perseverance of athletes, it is often no longer enough. Therefore athletes will continue demanding increasingly sophisticated technologies and more advanced training techniques to improve performance. For instance, biomechanical machine learning models of players will predict and prevent potential career-threatening physical and mental injuries or can even detect early signs of fatigue or stress-induced injuries. It can also be used to estimate players’ market values to make the right offers while acquiring new talent.

Coaches

Coaches are using AI to identify patterns in opponents’ tactics, strengths and weaknesses while preparing for games. This helps coaches to devise detailed gamelans based on their assessment of the opposition and maximize the likelihood of victory. In many leading teams, AI systems are used to constantly analyze the stream of data collected by wearables to identify the signs that are indicative of players developing musculoskeletal or cardiovascular problems. This will enable sports teams to maintain their most valuable assets in prime condition through long competitive seasons.

Judges

We tend to think that technology helps make the sport more just when we are victims or witnessed of unjust decision. That´s why we approve inventions like Paul Hawkins - creator of Hawk-Eye, a technology that is now an integral part of the spectator experience when watching sport live or more recently VAR in soccer.

The use of technology allows watch in real time multiple cameras, with aggregated info from sensors (stadiums, things and athletes) to make their decisions more accurate and objective.

We as spectators or fans need more transparency about the exercise’s difficulty, degree of compliance and final score. And we have the technology to do it.

The IoT and AI technology doesn't claim to be infallible - just very, very reliable and Judges also need to be adapted to new technologies.

Fans

Without fans, sports would find it difficult to exist. It is understandable companies are also targeting fans with IoT and artificial intelligence to keep them engaged whether in the stadium or at home.

How we want IoT and AI continue attracting people to the stadiums?

Within the stadiums, sports clubs and many leagues across the globe are incorporating inside and outside the stadium technologies to boost fans unique experiences for fans and not only the 90 minutes.

The challenge is how to combine what the oldest and newest supporters are looking to attend to the stadiums?

How will the stadiums of the future be? I read numerous initiatives of big clubs and leagues, but I am exciting about the future stadium of Real Madrid. I wish the club would allow me to advise them how to create a smart intelligent Global environment to provide each fan with an individual experience, know who is in the crowd, learn fan behaviors to anticipate their needs

How we want IoT and AI transform Sport Business.

“As long as sports remain a fascination for the masses, businesses will always have the opportunity to profit from it. As long as there is profiting to be gained from the world of sports, the investment in and incorporation of technology for sports will continue.”

I read an article warning about the new entirely new world order that is being formed right now. The author explained how 9 companies are responsible for the future of AI. Three of the companies are Chinese (Baidu, Alibaba and Tencent, often collectively referred to as BAT), while the other six are American (Google, Amazon, IBM, Facebook, Apple and Microsoft, often referred as the G.Mafia). The reason is obvious, as far as AI is about optimization using the data that’s available, these 9 companies will manage more of the sport data generated in the world.

Collaboration is needed now to stop this danger and to address the democratization of AI in sports. It is urgent companies and governments around the globe to work together to create guiding principles for the development and use of AI and not only in Sports. This mean we need regulating it but in a different way. We do not want AI becomes in the hands of a group of lawmakers, who are very well read and very smart people but overwhelmingly lack degrees in AI and IoT.

Will AI change the future of sport betting?

The impact of technology on sports cannot be specifically measured, but some technological innovations do raise questions about fairness. Are we still comparing apples with apples? Is it right to compare the speed of an athlete wearing high-tech running shoes to one without?

Whether we like it or not, technology will continue to enhance athlete performance. And at some point we will have to put specific rules and regulations in place about which tech enhancements are allowed.

There is a downside to advanced technology being introduced to sports. Machine Learning models are now used routinely to predict the results of games. Sport betting is a competitive sport itself among fans, but AI can substantially tilt that playing field.

I analyzed many IoT and AI companies for Sports in order to prepare my session. I am scare about the game result predictions capabilities but more scare about the manipulation of competition using AI algorithms with the Terabytes of data collected daily from IoT devices and other sources like social media networks, without the permission of the users.

The sport business market is generating billions of US$ every year but without control and education we could find future generation of ludopaths and a small number of Sports Service Providers controlling the Sports.

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Do you know that the number of internet connected things will reach 75 billion in the year 2025 as per the reports released by Statista? Well, the report is not astonishing because we are well familiar with our day-to-day dependability on internet and technology.

 

Source: Statista

It is definitely not a sham that we can actually set the temperature of the air conditioner before actually entering the room. Or, can switch on or off the fan or other electronic devices through our smartphone. Things that were dreamt earlier now turned into reality and it is all possible with the Internet of Things or simply IoT.

What are Future Possibilities of IoT?

‘What is IoT’ is the most asked questions about the technology. It is the use of network sensors in physical devices to allow for remote monitoring and controlling. It has achieved massive grip in various fields like healthcare, banking, retail, manufacturing, consumer goods, etc. Businesses all over the world are looking for possible applications of IoT. Report by CSG quotes that ‘94% of businesses that have invested in IoT have already seen the return’. The report itself expounds the present and future of IoT.  

There is one very astonishing report about IoT by GSMA . It states that the US market doesn’t dominate IoT. China and Europe are ahead of the USA in global machine-to-machine connection (M2M) with 19% in total share. USA market and investors still have a great scope for IOT solutions.

Common Myths that are Veiling IoT

#1 IoT is About Consumer Devices and Connected Homes

User’s mobile being connected with the refrigerator or air conditioner can be one assumption when we say IoT but the reality is far away from this. Definitely, IoT has solved many daily purposes but B2B IoT is the desire of technology. Analytical prediction by Bian.com tells that B2B IoT segment will generate more than $300 billion by 2020 as compared to $150 billion of consumer applications.

#2 All IoT Devices Work Together

Devices that are connected with IoT works as per vendor protocols. Some vendors may allow direct access to the device whereas some may provide access to the information through a cloud interface. As a result, there is not always a surety that all connected devices will work together.

#3 IoT Provides Continuous Transition to Mobile Apps

As IoT runs on cloud there is a myth that there is limitless scope for the developers. IoT is the combination of cloud, big data, and connected devices. Still, more than 90% of big data is in a scattered form that makes the overall transition complex.

#4 IoT Will Lead to Rise in Machines

Whether it is the movie Terminator or any other sci-fi movie, they always targeted technologies like IoT. People have generated the mind-set that IoT has increased the dependence of machine in human life. But the reality is IoT is making the devices smarter. It just adds like the fuel in the fire. It provides the capability of devices to take the decision on their own. For example, a device that will examine the field and would detect the area where watering is required is one thing. But, the same device watering the required area is the specialized feature. This is the impact of technology.

#5 IoT is Not Safe to Use

The safety concern is another big myth that surrounds the world of IoT technology. There are people who believe that the connected devices would enhance security concerns as they have access to the complete database. This is wrong because IoT aims in making the life of users simple by delivering faster results with cognitive computing. So there is nothing like sharing database.

#6 IoT is All about Sensors

People have the belief that it is all about sensors and things. But the reality is that it is beyond that. There are gateways, hubs, repeaters, cloud, application, software that is managed and supported by IoT. So, the world of IoT is bigger than what people think of it.

#7 IoT Device can be Hacked Remotely

Not locally nor remotely the IoT device can be hacked. Apart from SSL and encryption of data, there are countless other services on which the connected devices work. Not everything in IoT solutions can be hacked. Only a few vulnerabilities are there to work on.  

#8 IoT Solution can be Delivered Easily

As there are open source tools used in IoT people believe that the solution can be delivered very easily. There are many vendors that are selling IoT solutions. Providing solutions and services are two different things. Creating an app and creating complete IoT solution are two different things. There are different critical stages to deliver a meaningful solution that would be business viable, technically feasible and would make sense for customers.

#9 IoT Devices Must-Have Wireless Security

In order to connect with the host in the cloud, router or peer IoT device need some level of connectivity. But, it is not always necessary that the device should be wireless. It can be connected through Ethernet or USB whatever the device supports.

Business Tips for Investors Looking forward to Capitalise in IoT Technology

Technology that creates buzz one day becomes redundant. Businesses that are looking forward to investing in IoT must know about the challenges that they can face. Here are the few best tips that will help investors to make the right selection.

Choose Mode of Connection Wisely: Depending on the specific requirement businesses need to decide on the mode of connection that would be used. Whether it is Bluetooth technology or Wi-Fi choose the one that solves your purpose of technology.

Hardware Compatibility with Technology: Hardware compatibility issues happen frequently with IoT technology. It is necessary to find out if the technology is compatible with the hardware you are selecting or not.

Platform: In functionality and concerns both Apple and Google differ from each other. You should have a clear line of sight before you finalize a platform and should know well about the compatibility of the technology with the platform.

IoT Framework: There are many security aspects of IoT that came into existence till date. In order to avoid any kind of plights, it is suggested that building a framework from scratch is the best possible solution. Doing so one may skip the security issues as faced in the previous framework if any.

The Bottom Line

Businesses are looking forward to  iot development because they are aware of the bright future of technology. But, there are myths that block their path. Definitely, the debunked myths will aid the investors to make the right decision. Many software development companies provide 30 minutes of free consultation for those who are keen on the tech. Users can contact them and clear all their doubts regarding the technology.

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E-commerce, much like every product of technological evolution, has made headway at a mind-boggling pace. Here are some stats that will help you gain a better perspective on this industry: e-commerce sales stood at $1.86 trillion in 2016. Also, researchers believe that this figure will grow up to $4.48 trillion in two more years, i.e., by 2021. While multiple factors contribute and continue to drive this fast-paced growth, there is no one that not many people pay close attention to the Internet of Things.

IoT has quietly revolutionized the e-commerce market by facilitating significantly better logistics as well as an enhanced user experience. It isn't surprising though -- especially when you consider the fact that over 30 billion devices are set to become 'connected' by next year. A constantly growing network of such devices means IoT has helped e-commerce businesses to not only deliver better products and services but also achieve better outcomes with their marketing initiatives and enhance customer's overall experience among other things.

Here's a closer look at what IoT means for e-commerce and how it enables companies in this sector to achieve robust growth.
1. Better inventory management: Managing inventory is an understandably challenging task when there are multiple warehouses involved. IoT has tackled that issue with the provision of things such as 'smart' shelves, which track the products sold and automatically place orders when products, especially high-performing ones, are about to go out of stock. It, in turn, boosts the levels of customer satisfaction.

2. Transformed consumer experience: IoT allows companies to leverage devices such as smart mirrors to allow clients to try out their products from the comfort of their home, thus delivering completely novel and distinctive customer experience. IoT can also be used to glean insights from social media platforms to understand which of the company's products are preferred and if there are any issues customers face. Implementing such data facilitates a deep shopping experience, resulting in better customer engagement as well as satisfaction.

3. Enhanced product ecosystem: Sensors, a crucial part of the phenomenon that is IoT, can be utilized to foster new opportunities for better product ecosystems. Furthermore, it can be used to provide customers with access to maintenance services or perhaps even recommending related products and services once the sale has been made.

4. Seamless delivery: Bigwigs from a broad variety of industries, including Amazon, are already using IoT to streamline their delivery processes. How? For starters, there are autonomous warehouse robots, which can be integrated with the business' warehouse management systems and then used to enhance order picking throughput, improve the warehouse's inventory density, and cut down labor costs among other things. All of these factors, together, help ensure a substantially more organized delivery system.

While IoT has already changed the face of the e-commerce industry, in the future it will further enable companies to better their marketing efforts, deliver better support to customers, and more, resulting in superior experiences for customers. So if you too want to jump on this bandwagon, we suggest you select a trusted e-commerce websites development company at the earliest possible.

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